Momo,  For you


 For you information:

 Invoking Chapter UN Chapter VII powers to act against Libya is based on the 'responsibility to protect' doctrine

 collective international responsibility to protect... populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.Willingness to take timely and decisive collective action for this purpose, through the Security Council, when peaceful means prove inadequate and national authorities are manifestly failing to do it.UN 2005 WORLD SUMMIT

 UNSC Resolution 1973 (2011), following on Resolution 1970, cites '

 heavy civilian casualties' and 'Demands the immediate establishment of a cease-fire and a complete end to violence and all attacks against, and abuses of, civilians ' and authorizes member states acting nationally or through regional organizations or arrangements, ...., to protect civilians and civilian populated areas under threat of attack in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

 Waiting for the International Criminal Court to reach a post mortem verdict, some years hence, on the exact nature of the crimes committed and who is guilty of them does not meet the responsibilty to protect, which the Libyan government has not merely failed to fulfil but has manifestly violated. It is important to underline that the rebels are, obviously not exempt from international law and that, again obviously, a cease-fire would include all participans in hostilities and not just Libyan government forces; However, Libyan government forces are those civilians require protection from and, consequently, are targets for coalition fire. 


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