The recent ruling by Kenya's Supreme Court of Kenyatta's presidential victory implies that democracy is taking root in the country. But were its actions simply to avoid more bloody conflict, rather than to promote judicial processes?
For the Kenyan novelist,
playwright and essayist, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o, power through cultural subjugation was the
principal tool of colonialism. The monuments of Nairobi can be read as a history
of cultural artefacts used by the coloniser to dominate and subjugate the
The violent aftermath of Kenya's previous election is present in everyone's minds as Kenyans elect a successor to Mwai Kibaki. But the past five years have brought many other issues to the fore, says Daniel Branch.
Critically, international election observers (including
around 70 observers from the EU) must maintain a strong local presence throughout
the election period. The international community must not be caught unprepared again.
As Kenyan citizens
prepare to return to the polls in March this year, Valentina Baú looks at what
made the Rift Valley one of the hotspots of the 2007/2008 violence. Although
the country is calling for harmony during and after election time, ethnic
tensions may be an obstacle to peace if not adequately understood and
Women in Kenya's second largest slum, Korogocho,
face forced evictions, domestic violence and rape as a weapon of gang war on a
daily basis. Naomi Vulenywa reflects upon her experience of living in the slum
as a women human rights defender.
In the first case
of its kind in Africa, a suit has been filed against Kenyan police for systemic
discrimination in permitting the rape of young girls and in failing to enforce
existing laws. If successful the case
could establish legal protection from rape for all girls in Kenya
Recent violence in Kenya is cause for great concern as we approach elections in March 2013. A history of political instigators of violence going unchecked has emboldened politicians looking for victory in a state Balkanized along tribal lines.
A policy of non-cooperation with the International Criminal Court (ICC) will leave the victims of 2007/8 post-election violence without a legal remedy, and may prompt new violence in upcoming elections. It will also present a devastating blow to international justice if left unopposed.
Tribalism in Kenya is responsible for underdevelopment, corruption, the rigging of elections and violence. What can its background tell us about the future risks of Kenyan tribalism, and how to put an end to it?
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-Professor Charles Tripp, SOAS