On Monday, violence returned to Habib Bourghiba Avenue, a vital site on which protests led to the fall of
former President Zine Abidine Ben Ali’s regime. For some, it feels like little has changed in the year since the revolution.
A peaceful protest in Tunis turned violent as police attacked marchers. David Charles, a Briton, who was visiting Tunisia's capital witnessed the chaotic scene as the small group of non-violent protesters were set upon with gas canisters and batons.
In the early and middle decades of the twentieth century it was always Middle Eastern dictators who embarked on policy and legislation which liberated and empowered women in both family and society. The dictators liberated women in the good days, but retreated under pressure, and it was the populists ushered in by ‘democracy’ who oppressed women.
A year ago, on this same day and on this same street, Tunisians came united to shout “Dégage” (Leave), a key word of the Tunisian Revolution. Today, they come to celebrate the first anniversary of their revolution.
The Arab uprisings of 2011 are provoking the European Union into a rethink of its approach to encouraging democracy in its neighbourhood. A European Endowment for Democracy with a new kind of mandate could be at the centre, says Jacqueline Hale
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About 50.50 50.50 is openDemocracy's section dedicated to exploring issues of gender equality and social justice at the global level.
are committed to promoting human rights and inclusive democracy through
dialogue and debate. But a global debate without the female half of
humanity is neither global nor democratic. With this in mind, 50.50 publishes women's
analysis, insight and views on current affairs.
In the months following the start of the Arab Revolutions, articles and analysis poured into openDemocracy from contributors across the Middle East and Europe. Gradually, the impact of Tahrir Square began to extend well beyond the Middle East as democratic inspiration travelled from east to west. Arab Awakening tries to capture that inspiration and use it to help us read a rapidly changing world.
"As students of politics is it is vital to study the power of imagination."
-Professor Charles Tripp, SOAS