Senator Senatorum's candidacy for the US presidency has sparked debate about Social Conservative issues. Specifically, these have surrounded speculation about what societal changes do social conservatives advocate in general and what changes would Santorum advocate in particular.
But before we can discuss the topic, I think its important for us to have a common understanding of terms. What exactly makes up a "social conservative" and what are the political implications in the US? How does this differ in other countries?
The phrase “political conservative” is most associated with the ideologies of social conservatism. Indeed, most of today’s conservatives see themselves as social conservatives, although there are other types. The following list contains common beliefs with which most social conservatives identify. They include:
- Advancing pro-life and anti-abortion stances on unwanted or unplanned pregnancies
- Advocating for pro-family legislation and a ban on gay marriage
- Eliminating federal funding for embryonic stem-cell research and finding alternative methods of research
- Protecting the Second Amendment right to bear arms
- Maintaining a strong national defense
- Protecting US economic interests against foreign threats and eliminating the need for trade unions
- Opposing illegal immigration
- Limiting welfare spending by creating economic opportunities for America’s needy
- Lifting the ban on school prayer
- Implementing high tariffs on countries that do not uphold human rights
It is important to mention that social conservatives can believe in every one of these tenets or just a few.
What confounds me is the degree that each of these tenants are so attacked by the Left and undermined by democrat policies, when these are issues that are fundamental to the preservation of our society and constitutional freedoms.