This week the London School of Economics, Goldsmiths, the Imperial War Museum, British Academy together with openDemocracy are launching a series of lectures, film shows, book launches and discussion to explore and commemorate the fact that one hundred years ago this November, the world was irrevocably and significantly altered. The development of aerial bombardment, initially over Libya by an Italian pilot, would create and routinise a new kind of warfare. The character of violent conflict was transformed along with the legal and moral systems that made it intelligible.
Though fire and rocketry were old weapons, the risks of warcraft were acutely redistributed in the novel discrepancy between bombers and bombed. Terror itself became a weapon. Attackers from above were virtually inaccessible while those they attacked beneath were rendered absolutely vulnerable. Any distinction between combatants and non-combatants, civilians and soldiery was rapidly outmoded. It is our contention that development of aerial bombardment was more than just a military revolution. Through a careful examination of its history we can understand differently the history of empire, nationalism and the racial ordering of humanity. Read on...
|Shock and Awe Conference||Shock and Awe Speakers||openDemocracy bombing archive|
A series of blasts in Shi'ite Muslim areas of Baghdad and northern Iraq killed 41 people on Monday, raising fears of a deterioration in the security situation since US forces withdrew from urban centres in June.
If we dont succeed, we run the risk of failure. George W. Bush
Baghdad has fallen. The city has been taken by the troops who were bringing it freedom.
After eight days of war in Iraq, there is growing evidence that the campaign is not going the way the US and Britain wanted or expected. The situation remains very fluid, with an enormous amount of misinformation coming from both sides.