The Levada Center is an internationally respected Russian survey research organisation. Independent and non-governmental, its history goes back to 1987, when the All Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) was founded, under the leadership of Academician Tatyana Zaslavskaya. In 2003 pressure from the authorities prompted a number of VCIOM’s leading researchers, led by the sociologist Yuri Levada (1930—2006), to leave and launch their own organisation. The Levada Center, which has carried on research started by VCIOM in the ‘90s, conducts regular polls on all aspects of Russian society and politics. Among its many publications is the bi-monthly Herald of Russian Public Opinion.