Development is normatively seen as a public good that occurs during peacetime, and is stalled, stunted or distorted by violence and during wartime. This despite the fact that war and internal or political violence has often been key to primitive accumulation and the formation of the state. Often measured in terms of rates of growth of GDP, development can also be addressed in terms of socio-economic and political rights, and the ability of the population to effectively lay claim to them.
On the anniversary of the 26-year civil war, the Sri Lankan state celebrates its 2009 victory while Tamils mark the bloody nadir of the campaign to systematically dismantle the Tamil nation - one which continues today.
Leaving violence and conflict off the post-2015 agenda is a clear signal that countries want to keep the door towards increasing international accountability for the use of violence as closed as possible.
fragile state is expected to reach a single Millenium Development Goal. The post-2015 agenda
must recognise that conflict is a barrier to development and set explicit
peacebuilding targets to tackle this.
With the growing Syrian refugee crisis, media entrepreneurs seem to care more about protecting the
orthodox morality of humanitarianism, with the excuse of preserving social
order - as conceived by them - rather than educating the public.
the government and security institutions of Egypt and Tunisia have remained
intact, necessity being the mother of invention, a new form of governance has
emerged in Syria. This in itself is worth celebrating and supporting.
uprising, Erdoğan and Davutoğlu tried to turn Damascus and Aleppo into safe
market havens. Perhaps Turkey still expects eventually to have the lion's share
in a future reconstructed Syria, but the ruling AKP party may pay a high price
for its regional policies.
The only Arab country where
protests started from rural areas might find itself facing an internationally
funded reconstruction which will award money to urban centres, thus abandoning the
very roots of the current crisis. The only solution is to build economic
awareness. Starting from now.
British recognition of the genocide against Iraqi Kurds reinforces their significant political and economic successes of the past ten years since the 'liberation' of the Iraq war. What future lies ahead for those in neighbouring Kurdistans?
Film: In this series of short films Burundian women look at key issues in the wake of the civil war, which ended in 2005. More than 1 million Burundians were internally displaced or forced to flee the country as a result of the 12-year civil conflict which killed over 300,000 people.
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About 50.50 50.50 is openDemocracy's section dedicated to exploring issues of gender equality and social justice at the global level.
are committed to promoting human rights and inclusive democracy through
dialogue and debate. But a global debate without the female half of
humanity is neither global nor democratic. With this in mind, 50.50 publishes women's
analysis, insight and views on current affairs.
In the months following the start of the Arab Revolutions, articles and analysis poured into openDemocracy from contributors across the Middle East and Europe. Gradually, the impact of Tahrir Square began to extend well beyond the Middle East as democratic inspiration travelled from east to west. Arab Awakening tries to capture that inspiration and use it to help us read a rapidly changing world.
"As students of politics is it is vital to study the power of imagination."
-Professor Charles Tripp, SOAS