Transnational Criminal Networks aim at making profit wholly or partly through illegal activities which stretch across borders. They are often described as a “rogue” aspect of globalization which offers new opportunities for the development of such illegal activities as smuggling, trafficking, piracy, to name a prominent few.
Leaving violence and conflict off the post-2015 agenda is a clear signal that countries want to keep the door towards increasing international accountability for the use of violence as closed as possible.
More coordination and strategy are needed in Europe's response to the sinister signs of stolen revolution. The political-strategic impulse has come from the south in the past. In the current economic crisis this should be more the case, not less.
Gradually, EU systems of governance have extended into the southern
Mediterranean, linking dynamics in the Sahel with European interests through
its borderlands. This could be a test of the EU's foreign policy ambitions. But is the Union ready and capable to act, and if so, what is
rapid disintegration of Muammar al Gaddafi’s armed forces and police meant that
the militias born out of the revolution were the only ones equipped to fill the
security vacuum left behind. Libya functions, but can civilians wrest control?
Violence in eastern DRC is portrayed by western countries in terms of abject failure: people or events in the Congo (or Rwanda) have caused peacebuilding and development processes to fail. But the M23 is a direct result of processes that legitimate violent power. Français.
L'éruption de violence dans l'est de la République
Démocratique du Congo reflète l'échec des organisations nationales et
internationales sur le long terme, affectant les citoyens de la région ainsi
que les communautés de la diaspora européenne. Pour sortir de ce cycle, il
faudra s'en prendre aux racines de la violence. Read this in English.
Beaucoup des facteurs de conflit dans l'est de la
République Démocratique du Congo se trouvent à l'intérieur de ses frontières
mais une analyse qui ignorerait le rôle du Rwanda ces dernières années ne
permettrait pas de démonter le mécanisme des cycles d'insurrection violente. Read this in English.
Many of the drivers of conflict in eastern DR Congo
lie within its borders, but an analysis that ignores the role of Rwanda in recent
years is inadequate to the task of disassembling the cycles of violent insurrection. Français.
As peace talks begin between the FARC and the Colombian government, military victory is still espoused as a final solution by some, while other recall when past negotiations have failed. But there is historical success to learn from too.
M23's military campaign in North Kivu has profound consequences for Kinshasa and regionally. A regional military force to end the rebellion is hotly disputed: Rwanda and Uganda have interests in the instability, while placing any more foreign troops into this volatile region holds great uncertainty.
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In the months following the start of the Arab Revolutions, articles and analysis poured into openDemocracy from contributors across the Middle East and Europe. Gradually, the impact of Tahrir Square began to extend well beyond the Middle East as democratic inspiration travelled from east to west. Arab Awakening tries to capture that inspiration and use it to help us read a rapidly changing world.
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-Professor Charles Tripp, SOAS