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About Crispin Bates

Crispin Bates is Professor of Modern and Contemporary South Asian History at the University of Edinburgh and Co-Investigator with Dr. Andrea Major (Leeds University) in the AHRC-funded ‘Becoming Coolies’ research project on the origins of Indian overseas labour migration in the colonial era.

Articles by Crispin Bates

This week’s editor

“Sunny

Sunny Hundal is openDemocracy’s social media editor.

Constitutional conventions: best practice

Migration in the time of empire

Millions migrated to work the plantations following the abolition of slavery in the British and French empires. Like today they needed help to do so, and like today that help wanted its cut. 

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