- oD 50.50
This week's editor
No to TTIP
The world in 2050 is made up of democratic states only. By 2011, more than 110 UN member states had some form of elected government and the trend would continue. In 2050, China and Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Libya all have democratic governance.
However, this does not imply that the long march towards democracy has ended. On the contrary, it is very likely that this is just the beginning. Differences among political regimes, democratic practices and rules have acquired greater importance. People compare political systems, and by 2050, each of them is doing its best to further improve democratic practice. It looks set to improve not just in China, but in the most sophisticated democracies such as Sweden or Canada. This will require more critical analysis: how do democratic systems actually operate? what are their strengths and weaknesses? what is needed to make them more democratic?
There is another major challenge for democratic theory and practice: the boundaries of democracy now change continuously. International organizations have survived only by introducing substantial forms of democratic accountability, control and participation. Boundaries within states have also been revisited. Since migrants have continued to grow in most countries, inevitably they have claimed additional rights in the hosting states. Where they contribute to the well-being of hosting states and pay taxes, they have revived the old slogan, “no taxation without representation”.
Demotix/Alessandro Zanini. Migrant workers held a relevant demonstration in Bologna against the governmental politics on immigration that keep them in uncertain situation about their future in Italy. Edited by Adil Naeem.
Daniele Archibugi comments on Leeson's view of the economic rationality of pirates.
Can the multiplicity of languages explain the low interest of the European people for the European Parliament? Would a single official language increase the relevance of the European Parliament?
Anti-piracy resources should be devoted to helping Somalia more than policing the waves
The legitimacy deficit of international institutions will hamper their effectiveness
Can democracy be introduced from outside, and what conditions make the effort legitimate? Answers to these crucial questions can be found by considering the global experience of democratisation in the post-1945 decades - and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq - in light of the cosmopolitan project, says Daniele Archibugi.
Two elected governments are at war in Gaza. What does this do to the faith that vox populi vox dei?
In the first of our anniversary pieces, Daniele Archibugi describes an agenda to return the Universal Declaration to relevance: define "state aggression", bring the US back into the fold, move beyond narrow inter-nationalism and empower citizens. The Declaration's compromised moral authority needs at least this
Military action has rarely succeeded in achieving the United Statess main political aims. Daniele Archibugi examines the precedents and explains why carrots work better than sticks.
The United Nations is at a pivotal moment in its sixty-year history. Can it become an instrument of democratic global governance? Daniele Archibugi & Raffaele Marchetti draw on the various proposals for UN reform to suggest a new way ahead based on transparency and legality backed by political action.