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About Daniele Archibugi

Daniele Archibugi is Research Director at the Italian National Research Council (CNR-IRPPS) and Professor of Innovation, Governance and Public Policy at the University of London, Birkbeck College. He has worked on international political theory and, in particular, on cosmopolitanism and globalization. HIs book co-authored with Alice Pease, Crime and Global Justice. The Dynamics of International Punishment (Polity Press, 2018) is being launched at UCL and LSE on 27 and 28 February, 2018.

Articles by Daniele Archibugi

This week’s front page editor


Francesc Badia i Dalmases is Editor and Director of democraciaAbierta.

Constitutional conventions: best practice

International Criminal Justice: from past to future

The ICC will eventually be competent on the crime of aggression, prosecuting not only war crimes, but also the crime of war (for which heads of states bear primary responsibility).

In defence of Damien Green

How could a defender of human rights on so many occasions turn so quickly into being an inquisitor?

What causes the populist infection? How can it be cured?

In all countries, established political parties have the dangerous propensity to counter this electoral wave of populism by adopting the issues and language used by them.

Targeted killings through drones are war crimes

The threat that terrorists pose to US interests and security did not create killing drones: rather the technical feasibility of killing drones has generated imagined terrorist threats. Book review.

Aerial bombing against Isis is counterproductive

The few politicians in Europe resisting the pull of air strikes, such as Jeremy Corbyn and Matteo Renzi, appear intimidated. They should be strongly supported with activism and intellectual argument.

Secrets, lies and power

Power loves to hold information on its subjects. From European Alternatives’ CREATE|REACT Digital training, Berlin.

Democratic dreams and political reality in Europe

A report on European attitudes to democracy, backed up by data from the European Social Survey, is launched today to mark the UN day for democracy. The main message for the political class is that an increasingly qualified and demanding public opinion does not deserve to be administered from above.

William Penn, the Englishman who invented the European Parliament

Cedant arma togae (Let arms yield to the toga!) is written in the epigraph to the Project. It took nearly three centuries to materialize, and in June 1979, the first European Parliament elected directly by the citizens was implemented.

When are International Criminal Tribunals Effective?

International courts and tribunals need to become real instruments of justice – and not simply tools for the strong – if the promise of Immanuel Kant's universal community is to become a reality

Should bin Laden have been tried?

Maybe there really was no choice. But we have lost something by not putting bin Laden on trial, and that is a particular view of what Justice is for

Daniele Archibugi

The world in 2050 is made up of democratic states only. By 2011, more than 110 UN member states had some form of elected government and the trend would continue. In 2050, China and Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Libya all have democratic governance.

However, this does not imply that the long march towards democracy has ended. On the contrary, it is very likely that this is just the beginning. Differences among political regimes, democratic practices and rules have acquired greater importance. People compare political systems, and by 2050, each of them is doing its best to further improve democratic practice. It looks set to improve not just in China, but in the most sophisticated democracies such as Sweden or Canada. This will require more critical analysis: how do democratic systems actually operate? what are their strengths and weaknesses? what is needed to make them more democratic?
There is another major challenge for democratic theory and practice: the boundaries of democracy now change continuously. International organizations have survived only by introducing substantial forms of democratic accountability, control and participation. Boundaries within states have also been revisited. Since migrants have continued to grow in most countries, inevitably they have claimed additional rights in the hosting states. Where they contribute to the well-being of hosting states and pay taxes, they have revived the old slogan, “no taxation without representation”.


Demotix/Alessandro Zanini. Migrant workers held a relevant demonstration in Bologna against the governmental politics on immigration that keep them in uncertain situation about their future in Italy. Edited by Adil Naeem.

Wilson, Trotsky, Assange: lessons from the history of diplomatic transparency

IMMANUEL KANT is against censorship!Bentham and Kant were clear that diplomatic secrecy was bad. So were Wilson and Trotsky. And while Wikileaks may not be the ideal organisation to take diplomatic publicity to a new level, we should embrace its challenge.

The Arizona border: “No More Deaths” versus "The Minutemen"

Are borders ethically arbitrary? What, apart from sheer political pragmatism, justifies one community from keeping another from exercising the right of free movement? A proper consideration of the difference between voluntary migration and economic migration suggests cosmopolitan alternatives to a free-for-all

Toward a Converging Cosmopolitan Project?

Cosmopolitanism from both ends: a conversation about theory and practice

What can be learnt from piracy

Daniele Archibugi comments on Leeson's view of the economic rationality of pirates.

Which language for Europe?

Can the multiplicity of languages explain the low interest of the European people for the European Parliament? Would a single official language increase the relevance of the European Parliament?

Piracy challenges global governance

Anti-piracy resources should be devoted to helping Somalia more than policing the waves

The G20 ought to be increased to 6 Billion

The legitimacy deficit of international institutions will hamper their effectiveness

Democracy for export: principles, practices, lessons

Can democracy be introduced from outside, and what conditions make the effort legitimate? Answers to these crucial questions can be found by considering the global experience of democratisation in the post-1945 decades - and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq - in light of the cosmopolitan project, says Daniele Archibugi.

The bombing of Gaza

Two elected governments are at war in Gaza. What does this do to the faith that vox populi vox dei?

The Human Rights Declaration at 60

In the first of our anniversary pieces, Daniele Archibugi describes an agenda to return the Universal Declaration to relevance: define "state aggression", bring the US back into the fold, move beyond narrow inter-nationalism and empower citizens. The Declaration's compromised moral authority needs at least this

Can democracy be exported?

Military action has rarely succeeded in achieving the United States’s main political aims. Daniele Archibugi examines the precedents and explains why carrots work better than sticks.

What to do with the United Nations?

The United Nations is at a pivotal moment in its sixty-year history. Can it become an instrument of democratic global governance? Daniele Archibugi & Raffaele Marchetti draw on the various proposals for UN reform to suggest a new way ahead based on transparency and legality backed by political action.
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