Sub-state institutions may claim that they
need self-government in order to maintain their distinct progressive tradition
while, in reality, the distinct progressive tradition is often created in order
to justify claims to self-government.
Is national citizenship still a valid
organizational factor in the context of the crisis? A radical re-thinking of
political citizenship, based on smaller entities such as Catalonia, Scotland or
Flanders, may emerge as a reaction to growing imbalances.