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About Stephen Downing

Retired Deputy Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department and executive board member of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP).

Articles by Stephen Downing

This week's editor

“Phoebe

Phoebe Braithwaite is openDemocracy’s submissions editor.

Constitutional conventions: best practice

Drugs: a war lost and a way forward

A former Deputy Chief of the LAPD explains how prohibition has failed again, and offers 10 concrete ways of improving US drug policing.

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