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About Tariq Modood

Tariq Modood is Professor of Sociology, Politics and Public Policy and Director of the Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship at the University of Bristol and a Fellow of the British Academy. His latest books include Multiculturalism: A Civic Idea and as co-editor The Problem of Religious Diversity: European Challenges, Asian Approaches.

Articles by Tariq Modood

This week’s front page editor


Sunny Hundal is openDemocracy’s social media editor.

Constitutional conventions: best practice

Multicultural Nationalism

Does multicultural nationalism represent the political idea and tendency most likely to offer a feasible alternative rallying point to monocultural nationalism?

Muslims and European multiculturalism

How prevalent is the discourse that describes Muslims as making unreasonable demands on European society? Why do we so often hear Muslims described as 'them' instead of 'us'? [Reposted form openDemocracy, May 2003]

Multiculturalism and the nation

The proclaimed ‘failure’ of multiculturalism suggests the breakdown of a single process of integration. In fact, it is the term's capacity to overcome precisely this logic that reveals its continuing relevance in the process of nation-remaking.

Moderate secularism: a European conception

The question of religion’s place in modern secular societies is intellectually contested and politically divisive. Here, the scholar Tariq Modood argues that European experience and institutional development can favour an accommodative model that respects religion yet goes beyond both toleration and even civic recognition. This moderate secularism, he says, meets the test of core democratic values while avoiding the dangers that fear-induced exclusion of religion from the public sphere would entail.

Multiculturalism, Britishness, and Muslims

The idea of multiculturalism has been subjected to greater criticism in recent years, especially on the grounds that it is divisive and undercuts other solidarities of society, class or nation. But a fuller understanding of the context in which the arguments for multiculturalism arose and evolved can help both address some of the simplifications that now cluster around it and achieve a more nuanced view, says Tariq Modood.

Multicultural citizenship and the anti-sharia storm

A thoughtful lecture on legal pluralism by a Christian leader has been succeeded in Britain by a torrent of ill-informed and prejudiced comment about Islam-based law and influence. This is a moment to reaffirm the principles on which social harmony is founded, says Tariq Modood: foremost among them the intertwining of citizenship and multicultural recognition.

Multiculturalism’s civic future: a response

openDemocracy's debate on Tariq Modood's new articulation of multiculturalism focused on issues of liberalism, communalism, cosmopolitanism, and transnational Muslim identity. Here, Tariq Modood replies to his interlocutors.

Multiculturalism, citizenship and national identity

The idea of multiculturalism faces intense criticism from voices who blame it for accentuating social division, reinforcing Muslim separateness and undermining national identity. But a developed view of multiculturalism can complement democratic citizenship and nation-building, says Tariq Modood.

The liberal dilemma: integration or vilification?

The Danish cartoon scandal poses a stark choice to "progressive" citizens and thinkers in western Europe, says Tariq Modood.

Remaking multiculturalism after 7/7

Britain’s multicultural model is held responsible for the London bombs of July 2005. Rather, says Tariq Modood, it needs to be extended to a “politics of equal respect” that includes Britain’s Muslims in a new, shared sense of national belonging.

Muslims and European multiculturalism

Anti-Muslim sentiment in post-9/11 Europe contends that Muslims compound their ‘alien’ status by claiming special treatment from their ‘hosts’. But what if the aspiration to a recognised ‘Muslim’ identity is itself characteristically European? In the British context, Tariq Modood argues that a healthily multicultural society needs to accommodate religion as a valid social category – and rethink Europe so that the Muslim ‘them’ becomes part of a plural ‘us’.
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