only search

About Thomas de Waal

Tom de Waal is a senior associate with Carnegie Europe, specialising in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region. He is the author of numerous publications about the region. His latest book is Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2015).

Articles by Thomas de Waal

This week’s front page editor

Adam Ramsay, Editor

Adam Ramsay is a co-editor of openDemocracyUK.

Constitutional conventions: best practice

Armenia’s crisis and the legacy of victory

More than 20 years after it ended, Armenia is still experiencing the burden of victory in the war over Nagorno Karabakh. 

Reality, not romance: why we must vote remain

A letter to an older generation.

A free-thinker loses his freedom in Azerbaijan

Tom de Waal crop.jpg

On 12 January, Arif Yunus, the distinguished Azerbaijani scholar, will ‘celebrate’ his 60th birthday in a prison cell.


Nagorno-Karabakh: Crimea’s doppelganger

Crimea and Nagorno-Karabakh, two regions with similar histories, took very different paths after the Soviet Union broke up; until now.


Abkhazia's archive: fire of war, ashes of history

The documented history of the cosmopolitan Black Sea territory of Abkhazia was destroyed in war on 22 October 1992. Its Greek archivist Nikolai Ioannidi devoted the rest of his life to restoring and conserving what remains, reports Thomas de Waal.

(This article was first published on 20 October 2006)

Azerbaijani demolitions: an update

The authorities’ destruction of a building and precious archive of human-rights workers in Baku is an act of mindless cruelty that damages Azerbaijan itself, says Thomas de Waal.

Azerbaijan: speed without system

The authorities in Baku seem intent on building a new Dubai on the Caspian. But there is a dark side to the boom in Azerbaijan’s capital, finds Thomas de Waal.

The lightness of history in the Caucasus

The Caucasus is often depicted as a region of peoples locked in enduring and invariant nationalist enmity. The reality is more complex and therefore more hopeful, says Thomas de Waal.

Crimes in the Caucasus

Documenting a great historical tragedy unknown to most, Oliver Bullough's new book is a fascinating and groundbreaking work. Thomas de Waal reviews "Let Our Fame Be Great"

Georgia and Russia, again

The career and testimony of a man who served both the Soviet Union and independent Georgia remain a guide to how embittered neighbours might repair their relationship, says Thomas de Waal.

The Caucasus: a region in pieces

The political tensions of the Caucasus are reflected on the ground in a range of obstacles - from roadblocks and closed markets to polarised attitudes. It is time for a larger vision for the region that can provide hope of inclusive progress, writes Thomas de Waal.

Transdniestria: a family quarrel

A neglected east-central European dispute involving a breakaway statelet, regional rivalry, contested territory, black markets and bearish presidents seems to have all the ingredients of a Caucasus-Balkans bloodbath. But seen close, Moldova-Transdniestria dissolves such preconceptions, finds Thomas de Waal.

South Ossetia: the avoidable tragedy

Georgia and Russia have stumbled into a war that need not have happened. The price of their political calculation - and folly - is being paid by civilians on both sides, says Thomas de Waal.

South Ossetia: war and politics

Georgia's blitzkrieg against one of its two breakaway territories, South Ossetia, is provoking a ferocious Russian response. This is a political as well as a military disaster, says Thomas de Waal - and the primary responsibility lies with Georgia's president, Mikheil Saakashvili.

The Russia-Georgia tinderbox

Russian bullying and Georgian insensitivity are combining to heat the frozen conflict over the disputed Black Sea territory of Abkhazia

The north Caucasus: politics or war?

The horror of the Beslan siege in Russia’s southern North Ossetia province highlights dangerous political instability in the immediate region, says Thomas de Waal of the Institute of War and Peace Reporting.

(This article was first published on 7 September 2004)

Abkhazia-Georgia, Kosovo-Serbia: parallel worlds?

In the Caucasus and the Balkans, two territories whose people broke free through war from a larger state their peoples saw as oppressive are now in constitutional limbo. What future have Kosovo Albanians and Abkhazians earned – independence, autonomy, federation? What justice is owed to their Serb and Georgian neighbours and former neighbours? Thomas de Waal and Zeyno Baran debate these issues.

Abkhazia's dream of freedom

Abkhazia's case for independence from Georgia has echoes of Kosovo's from Serbia, reports Thomas de Waal from the Black Sea territory.

Musa Shanib in the Caucasus: a political odyssey

The meteoric career of an intellectual, nationalist dissident in the north Caucasus is emblematic of the region’s troubled post-Soviet condition, writes Thomas de Waal of the Institute for War & Peace Reporting.
Syndicate content