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Guest edited by
Anna Triandafyllidou


Letizia Palumbo

The promotion of transparency and accountability is at the centre of strategies to prevent and address labour exploitation and trafficking. Many governments have adopted transparency and disclosure regulations, some corporations have implemented voluntary codes of conduct, and NGOs frequently employ boycotts and negative publicity to pressure corporate actors into cleaning up their supply chains. But severe exploitation takes different shapes in different sectors, and the effectiveness of any particular awareness-raising or transparency strategy remains an open question. This series explores a variety of current awareness and prevention tools, critically examining their current and potential impact and their capacity to effectively undermine the relations of power which give rise to severe labour exploitation. Read on...



Behind the ‘ghetto’: the path from exploited migrant labour to the supermarkets’ shelves

The #FilieraSporca campaign was established to track the orange supply chain across Italy from the fields to supermarkets’ shelves. It calls for ‘cleaning’ the supply chain through tracking and labelling.

Canada, a welcoming country? The unaddressed issue of labour trafficking

A sharp increase in temporary workers in Canada has made workers disposable, precarious and vulnerable to exploitation, and temporary foreign workers programmes do not do enough to protect migrant workers’ rights.

Why show your cards? The problem of transparency in agricultural supply chains

Governments promote transparency as a method of tackling exploitation, however the Italian agricultural sector demonstrates that such measures are often not capable of addressing the relations of power that characterise supply chains.

Carrots and sticks: increasing corporate accountability for ‘modern slavery’

Corporate accountability for modern slavery has received greater political and legislative attention in recent years, but is reporting enough?

The UK Gangmasters Licensing Agency: a model to be followed and how to undermine it

The GLA has helped mitigate labour exploitation at the British end of agricultural sector supply chains, however British immigration policies and insufficient labour protections in sending countries threaten those gains.

Regulating or awareness-raising to avoid severe exploitation? Employers in the migrant domestic sector

People who hire domestic workers often neglect their responsibilities as employers. In such cases awareness raising is crucial along with regulation to protect domestic workers’ interests.

Pitfalls and advantages in assessing anti-trafficking awareness campaigns

Anti-trafficking campaigns speak to a whole range of issues, interests, and audiences, but how effective are they? The lack of evaluation makes it difficult to find out.

Addressing severe exploitation: a critical view of awareness and transparency initiatives

Awareness and transparency initiatives are thought to be vital tools in the fight against labour exploitation and 'trafficking'. This guest series looks at several such projects and asks, do they work? 

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