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Mary Kaldor’s team at the LSE, working with partners across Europe on new political parties and public protests, is finding that all of these phenomena share not only opposition to austerity, but also extensive frustration with politics as currently practised. The team reports in a series of articles for Can Europe make it?

You can read the original study here.

Art after Occupy

In the aftermath of Occupy, artists are utilizing a diversity of tactics at the cutting edges of radical politics (long piece, 6,000 words).

From Facebook movements to city square movements

Use of the internet has not led to a predominance of virtual actions and movements over mobilizations in ‘physical space’. On the contrary, since 2011 the occupation of urban public spaces - and more particularly symbolic spaces - has been a major feature of these movements.

Subterranean Politics in Europe: an introduction

In a study of Europe’s “subterranean politics,” Mary Kaldor’s team at the London School of Economics and Political Science, working with partners across Europe, has examined both new political parties and public protests, finding that all of these phenomena share not only opposition to austerity, but also extensive frustration with politics as currently practised. This week, the team reported on their findings.

London: uncovering European identity in a global city?

The absence of Europe on any agenda - as an object of critique, a space of solidarity, or a target of reform - seemed to suggest that, while London may be a global city, it is not, politically at least, a European one. Is this really the case?

Same old stories? Trade unions and protest in Italy in 2011

The demand for politics over markets, a key message in the Occupy and Indignados movements, is also key here. A considerable drop in trust is clear: trust in all national institutions and political actors (parliament, parties, and trade unions).

Hungary: the vanguard of Europe’s rearguard?

Confrontation takes creative and alternative forms in the street demonstrations, which may appear, at first sight, contradictory – one week anti-government, pro-European, the next week pro-government, anti-EU.

All politics: swarm intelligence and subterranean politics in Germany

The Pirate Party does not stand for certain policies, but for a new way of doing politics that challenges established notions of parliamentary democracy with new modes of decision-making.

The European Citizens Initiative: a tool of its time?

The ECI is the first transnational direct democratic tool in history. But as we speak the dream of a ‘Europe of Citizens’ is being replaced by a (for some, already nightmarish) Europe divided between lenders and debtors.

Beyond Occupy: progressive activists in Europe

Occupy is part of a wide range of subterranean movements that explore ways to complement representative democracy and empower citizenship. Some citizens want to build stronger democratic institutions: others don’t trust elected representatives any more and promote a change that starts at a local level and in daily life.

Re-imagining Europe: re-imagining democracy

People across Europe are critiquing the morality of the political and economic system. Globalisation has helped to engineer an empty democracy, with political-economic processes depoliticised and decisions made by experts. And what of the European dream? “Whoever can understand it, that is ‘the movement’." A Subterranean Politics roundtable discussion.

Rearticulating the movement post-15M in Spain

On September 15 in Madrid, over one hundred thousand people answered the unions’ call to demand a referendum on austerity. In both its aims and its format, this action confirmed that the trade unions have been influenced by the 15M movement.

European alternatives: trajectories of mobilisation responding to Europe’s crisis

The political culture that supported global and European civil society activism in the 1999-2007 period - challenging neoliberal economic and financial power in the form of governments, EU and global institutions – has appeared irrelevant at the very moment when it could have emerged as a credible alternative to the crisis of European economies and politics. A brief chronology and typology of European resistance so far.

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