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The rise of the radical right is no longer so new. What is remarkable is not their largely symbolic electoral triumphs, but their profound impact on mainstream self-perceptions, on everything from manners and values to citizenship, and border regimes. It is not only in Serbia that the nation form itself seems to side with the radical right. How does this work, in our societies, our parliaments and our media?


The EAF is dead! Long live the MENL!

The Front National has long been at the centre of pan-European party initiatives, which were always dominated by former FN leader, Jean-Marie Le Pen. The EAF was founded without FN-involvement, however.

Overlooked and underrated: women in right-wing extremist groups in Germany

Right-wing extremism continues to be perceived by mainstream media and statutory organizations as a predominantly “male problem” since the stereotypical view regards white women as non-violent, peaceful, loving and caring individuals. This is highly misleading. 

Far-right violence in Greece: an effective response

More democracy and power to the people is a good starting point. Democracy is not weak or defenseless in Greece and freedom of thought and ideology are the essence of democracy.

The human face

What are the human impacts of far-right extremism? Hear perspectives from a survivor of far-right violence and a former far-right extremist (Video, 3 minutes)

More Hungarys in eastern Europe?

Viktor Orbán is a perfect populist who exploits the chameleon nature of populism like no other, from radical liberalism to his new 'illiberal state'. Worryingly his bravado is becoming a source of inspiration for many other European politicians. But what is he after?

“Desperate times call for desperate measures?”: the ‘Politics of anxiety’ and the rise of European ‘far right’ parties

What are we meant to conclude from the ‘rise of the far-right’? The narrative tells us that being objective, moderate and ‘technical’ rather than factionalist is what is needed in ‘times of anxiety’.

Eurosceptic parties will save Europe’s soul, despite themselves

We must take seriously all the new parties in the European Parliament, not least because they might well be doing us a favour.

Nightmare politics

As the European election looms, far-right parties are seeking to exploit the fears of the losers of globalisation to spur the politics of division.

The divided house of anti-Europe

Right-wing Eurosceptic parties will have more MEPs than ever before in the next European Parliament. But this doesn't mean they will be able to form a united Eurosceptic front.

Mythic origins or original sin? Euroscepticism and an ever closer reality

Euroscepticism is a strategically invented social construct – much like the myth of “ever closer union” itself – to capture and channel growing popular discontent with the aftermath of the European integration process. 

The Goebbels effect

Let us stand still and recognize what has happened in the Dutch repudiation of Geert Wilders and embrace of Moroccan-Dutch – in all its ambivalence – but not cheer it, yet.

A black cloud over the EU?

The newly announced Le Pen-Wilders alliance in the European parliament has re-ignited speculation about the rise of the far-right in Europe. What can we expect from this new EU supergroup?

The Swiss vote to curb immigration, and what it means for Europe

On February 9, Swiss voters narrowly approved the reintroduction of quotas on immigration, damaging Swiss-EU relations in the process. Why did the Swiss vote this way? Does it have anything to do with Robin Hood? And will this impact on the EU membership debate in the UK?

Feeding fascism in Greece: the memorandum, the state of exception and the police

The factors that contribute to the inexorable rise of fascism in societies, described here, have to be identified, understood and undermined by critical theory as soon as they occur, so that political action can confront them.

The conspiratorial mindset in Europe

Scepticism is healthy for democracy, but not when it degenerates into belief in conspiracy theories. Dieudonné and Jobbik are but two recent examples that the conspiratorial mindset is alive and well in Europe.

Slovakia: right-wing extremism on the rise

Marian Kotleba, a well-known figure of the Slovak neo-Nazi scene, was recently elected as governor of the central Slovak region of Banská Bystrica. Is this the mere consequence of a protest vote, or the indicator of a much more disturbing trend?

The radicalisation of Flemish nationalism

The polarising strategy of the Flemish movement’s biggest political party places next year’s “mother of all elections” in Belgium on a knife-edge.

Conservative culture and the far right in Poland

Most Poles agree that far right attacks are on the rise in their country, but the government and police are unable, or unwilling, to challenge it.

Winter chill over Hungary’s autumn

The only electoral promise Fidesz has fulfilled has been the “restoration of order”, through a myriad of laws, decrees and regulations, a particularly harsh new Penal Code and several new organizations.

The enemy within: Golden Dawn and Greek society

Over a week has passed since the arrest of several Golden Dawn MPs. So much has changed, and yet much remains the same.

Call for a broad anti-fascist alliance in Greece

It is only a broad anti-fascist alliance which will actively condemn and oppose any form of violence, focusing on the defence of democratic institutions to reenergize democratic practices, that will disarm Golden Dawn politically and culturally in the longer term.

Golden Dawn crackdown: Greek initiative or international pressure?

The Council of Europe has long been putting pressure on the Greek government to suspend the operation of this organisation. But it has taken a long time and much grief before this preventive action was taken.

Why democracy is still in danger in Greece

Ten days after the murder of Pavlos Fyssas, the ND-PASOK pro-austerity government arrested most of the Golden Dawn leadership on the grounds of being a criminal organization. Yet, for a combination of economic and political reasons, democracy in Greece is in more danger today than ever before.

Golden Dawn arrests: a victory for democracy in Greece?

The Greek government has finally launched action against Golden Dawn, a far-right party long tainted by its association with violence. But the timing of this action casts doubt on the depth of the government’s commitment to countering far-right violence in the country.

The political consequences of a Greek rapper’s murder

The idea is powerfully simple: on the basis of existing evidence, could a case be made – the government asked – that Golden Dawn is, in fact, an organised criminal group?

Wrocław is afraid: an experiment in the European Capital of Culture 2016

What happened when two teachers from one of the biggest and most populated cities in Poland, decided to put multicultural Wroclaw to the test; and how they encountered serious problems the minute they actually tried to implement their programme.

The racist attacks against Cécile Kyenge and the enduring myth of the ‘nice’ Italian

Italy still lacks a collective reflection on the way it has dealt with the relationship between race, gender, nation, identity and immigration, both in the present and in the past. But Cécile Kyenge, Italy's first black minister, is beginning to show the way.

The scapegoats of Empire: racism and resistance in the city of romance

As the citizens of Venice propagate myths about the city’s expanding 'oriental' workforce they humiliate members of their own community and allow the island’s true invaders to escape justice. 

Good morning, Danish citizen! You are not welcome here...

The Danish People's Party are resorting to increasingly ludicrous stunts in order to try and turn the Danish people against their immigrant population

The easiest way to the Gulag is to joke about the Gulag

It is time that we realised where the real danger in Europe lies, and that there is a candidate to help us fight back against this gathering danger. But to do this we must begin to recognise how both are misrepresented for our consumption. A reply to Etienne Balibar.

Greece, fascism and beyond

As a Greek, I am burdened by the recent developments in the southeasternmost corner of the European Union.

The helpless and the resourceful, or the beginnings of Polish populisms

Poland has two populisms: “the populism of the dispirited”, mobilising those who struggled to adjust to life in the new Poland; and a form of neo-liberal populism, embracing free market capitalism and excluding those who did not prosper. Both have deep roots in Poland’s history.

The Front National’s new clothes

Last year, Marine Le Pen came third in the French presidential elections, following a campaign seeking to de-demonise the party and make it more attractive to a broader electorate. While it is arguable whether her strategy was entirely successful, the changes made may well have long-term consequences.

Violent extremism in Greece: focusing on the far-right

Rising xenophobia amongst the public has supported the impunity tacitly accorded by the state to far-right violence.  

Lega Nord's last temptation: anti-politics in the time of Grillo

The rise of Grillo's 5 Star Movement marks Italy's ongoing disaffection towards its political caste. In the early 1990s, the Northern League gave voice to a similar feeling. But times have changed. Surfing on a wave of anti-politics with no sound political programme may be a dangerous strategy.

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