The western intervention in Libya in 2011 failed to
recognise the complex warp and weft of its pre-democratic tribal fabric. Only a
regionally facilitated dialogue can repair the shattered state left behind.
Snared by geopolitical interests,
post-9/11 interventions have too easily been captured by leading states. A
robust law enforcement process must serve enforcers of law, not agents of
the beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians by ISIS in Libya associated with a
broader political project of cleansing the region of religious minorities?
Would this not deserve demonstrations of solidarity?
Libya after the Qadhafi regime is witnessing a complex array of struggles in which ambitions for power, claims to legitimacy, the taint of the past, and ownership of the 2011 revolution are among the key dividing lines.
Not only did the Arab peoples revolt, but the power of their revolts was so significant and threatening to the regional geopolitical order that the regional powers had to diffuse the collective consciousness at any cost.
These airstrikes demonstrate new fault lines in the Arab world: between Arab conservative regimes, their Islamist foes, and the democratic secular forces who find themselves in an impossible situation.
Looking back, it feels as if Salwa Bugaighis embodied not
the hopes and aspirations of the majority of her country's people but a dream of
revolution, shared by a minority of educated Libyans and nurtured by western
journalists and democracy activists, says Lindsey Hilsum
The discovery by the Italian navy of 30 bodies
in a fishing boat at the weekend highlights the deadly trail of migrants from
north Africa—for whom a chaotic Libya represent another hazardous transit point.
Like much of the rest of the Arab Spring, the urge of
the millennial generation across North Africa and the Middle East for a more
multicultural world seems far from realization, but they have put it on a
future Arab agenda. Its moment will return.
For those people who stood on that thin cusp between
survival and becoming a casualty of war, the consequences of those actions were
of existential proportions. For most Europeans these brushes with life, death
and profiteering remain largely invisible.
the Rwandan genocide and the wars in former Yugoslavia, the idea of a
“responsibility to protect” vulnerable populations has acquired currency. The Libyan
and Syrian crises have, however, seen the value of that currency recalibrated.
The author reviews a documentary film shot over an 8-month period about two friends who abandon life in Canada to return to their home country, Libya, to fight in the revolution against Gaddafi’s army.
is critical to recognize the significance of this revolutionary chapter in the
modern history of the Middle East and the creative conceptions and
articulations of resistance that shattered the system of domination,
particularly the popular roots of these uprisings amongst the urban and rural poor.
From an empirical-analytical point of view, what
has happened in the Middle East and North Africa since Mohammed Bouazizi died?
This is not an opinion piece, but an assessment of underlying factors which
have put pressure on the aspiration for justice and political reform launched
by the Arab Spring. (5,000 words)
While the registration process for elections and an apparent political commitment to 'dialogue' represent tentative progress, there are still substantial obstacles to be overcome before the committee is formed, let alone the constitution drafted.
Just as the wandering elites of Damascus, Cairo or Tripoli seek
salvation in London, the peripatetic poor and needy of the very same countries
are drowning to the distant putting sound of an indifferent life-boat.
Deep rifts between Libya’s leaders have been laid bare and if they continue
to grapple with one another instead of facing up to the country's profound challenges, these fault lines could swallow the country whole.
The decision whether to intervene militarily in Syria should not be dictated by non-information, nor should the success or failure of Libya's revolution (and NATO's role in it) be prematurely judged on the same basis.