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In negotiations between the Colombian government and the FARC-EP guerrilla forces, the country served as a laboratory for almost every issue of modern peacemaking. We asked the Colombian experts who acted as advisers and decision makers at the negotiation table in Havana, Cuba, to share the lessons learned from this process and the innovations created for each major challenge that arose, including: process design, land reform, disarmament, political participation, illicit drugs, transitional justice, gender issues, endorsement, ratification and implementation mechanisms, and many more. Numerous lessons were distilled from this very creative process. Those interested in learning about modern peace negotiations, as well as the complexities that arise in the implementation process, would do well to study the Colombian case; it will serve as a global reference for years to come.

This project is the result of a collaboration between democraciaAbierta and the Institute for Integrated Transitions (IFIT). It was built upon discussions with advisers of the Colombian negotiating delegation, now members of the IFIT Brain Trust for the Colombian Transition, at a course entitled "Peacemaking in Colombia" held in Barcelona in July 2017. The project presents a wide range of opinions on the negotiations, the resulting final agreement and its current phase of implementation. Read more about IFIT’s Brain Trust for the Colombian  

 Read this page in Spanish.

Lessons from the Negotiators:

The Negotiating Timeline

Beginning with secret meetings in 2012, the peace negotiations ran for four years and covered six thematic blocks. In this section, the advisors explain each of these themes in relation to process design, negotiations, confidence-building measures, and endorsement, validation and implementation mechanisms.

At the Negotiating Table

The IFIT Brain Trust for the Colombian Transition was set-up to preserve the intellectual capital generated throughout the negotiations. Here, we give you an insight into their personal experiences, and the lessons learned from the four year process.

More Useful Resources

Alongside the materials produced through democraciaAbierta’s partnership with the IFIT Brain Trust for the Colombian Transition, the Final Agreement may also be useful as a reference, and can be found in this section alongside other useful resources, including the recently published book 50 Years Later: The 2016 Transition to Peace, an edited volume presenting a collection of articles on post-conflict Colombia, produced by democraciaAbierta in collaboration with Fundación Ideas para la Paz.

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