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Europes divisions over war in Iraq have not prevented it agreeing the enlargement of ten new members and an constitutional treaty. What will a continent-wide European Union look like? Which vision of Europe do you want? Start with our interactive visions map, or dip into Europe Prophecies, a rolling diary of stories from the corners of Europe. And if you want to know what's new with the European Constitution, read what Convention members Frans Timmermans and Jens-Peter Bonde have to say - they're living it. Send your own thoughts to openEuropa@openDemocracy.net, or post on the discussion board...
The people's direct voice in judging constitutional change in the European Union must be upheld, says Gisela Stuart in response to George Schöpflin.
Turkey's internal problems are intensifying its political and cultural fissures and putting its orientation towards the European Union in question. Kirsty Hughes reports on the gathering turmoil.
Afghanistan's hope of progress and security is withering. Europe must lead a new coordinated new strategy before it is too late, says Daniel Korski.
Kosovo's imminent independence highlights the problem of the European Union's enlargement policy in the western Balkans, says John O'Brennan.
A rethink of the agreements that govern European-African trade would benefit both sides, say Paul Collier & Kalypso Nicolaïdis
A late improvement to the European Union's reform treaty would have benefited the EU's institutions, its member-states and its citizens, argue Simone Bunse & Kalypso Nicolaïdis.
The European Union must become more political or it will be trapped in a technocratic bubble and lose its citizens to populism and alienation, says Olaf Cramme.
Turkey's election has produced a clear win for the ruling party. But the country remains in the grip of a crisis involving two competing definitions of its very identity, says George Schöpflin.
The new European accord achieves a workable compromise at the cost of avoiding the deeper issue of the union's democratic legitimacy, says George Schöpflin.
The European Union's political progress starts with myth-clearing and continues with a democracy-making that builds on its citizens' sense of European identity, says Michael Bruter.
Warsaw's blocking approach to European cooperation weakens the European Union and damages Poland itself, says Krzysztof Bobinski.
The European Union must build on the Brussels summit to focus on the urgent issues - foreign policy, climate change and energy security - that only Europe-wide policy can address, says John Palmer
A fractious period in the European Union’s internal politics could end if a new, modest but realistic strategic objective could be agreed, argue Philippe Herzog & Kalypso Nicolaidis.
Britain's attempt to strangle constitutional progress at a pivotal European Union summit is hypocritical and short-sighted, says John Palmer
The vendetta of Bucharests political cartels against the countrys president exposes the failure of European Union policy. It could even destabilise the EU itself, says Tom Gallagher.
The European Union is marking its half-century in celebration and self-doubt. It is a historic achievement, says George Schöpflin, but the EU now faces two great challenges: renewing its legitimacy, and facing globalisation.
A return to the origins of European integration in the 1940s-50s reveals a more complex story than the official celebrations allow, says Krzysztof Bobinski.
The cultivation of spaces to explore ideas in search of truth and beauty is a vital part of Europes project, says Niccoló Milanese of the Festival of Europe.
Romania will join the European Union in January 2007. Good news for the millions who will flee west for work, says Tom Gallagher: but inside the country, Bucharest's road to Brussels is the fruit of an unedifying alliance between corporate businessmen and European leftists that will benefit only a tiny elite.
A close look at Bulgaria's political institutions casts doubt on the country's fitness to join the European Union in January 2007, says Ilija Trojanow.
Europes demographic trends are reshaping its social landscape and the life-chances of its citizens. Britains politicians need to pay heed and plan, say Mike Dixon & Julia Margo of the Institute of Public Policy Research.
The services directive and the Mohammed cartoon affair each demonstrate the need for a spirit of managed mutual recognition in Europe and beyond, argues Kalypso Nicolaïdis.
Turkey's negotiations for entry to the European Union opened on 3 October 2005. But its not a done deal, says Fadi Hakura: an arduous road lies ahead before Turkish membership can be assured.
Germans are flocking to the motorways and the Hamburg docks in search of sun and distraction. Anything but politics! Michael Naumann takes the measure of strange times in Germany.
Britains social model has developed a distinctive, hybrid character under Tony Blair both less American and more European than critics claim, say Mike Dixon & Howard Reed of the Institute of Public Policy Research.
Germans are expecting a September election where Angela Merkel will replace Gerhard Schröder. But changing Germany itself will be harder, writes Die Zeit publisher Michael Naumann.
The German Chancellor responded to his Social Democratic Partys defeat in North Rhine-Westphalia by calling for early national elections. Michael Naumann, publisher of Die Zeit, reflects on a high-stakes gamble.
Poland is the largest of the ten states joining the European Union on 1 May 2004. But economic pressures, political strains and global fears make this a moment of worry rather than celebration for its 40 million citizens, reports Krzysztof Bobinski from Warsaw.
If Greek Cypriots reject the Annan plan for the islands reunification, they will enter the European Union on 1 May without their northern Turkish neighbours. For a former senior Greek diplomat, the result would be baleful: the collapse of thirty years of diplomacy, entrenched division in the eastern Mediterranean island, and risks to democratic progress in Turkey and south-east Europe.
Why did the Brussels summit on the European Constitution collapse? Perhaps because it deserved to. The EU must move from government by elites who seek to manage, to one grounded on citizens support.
Who did it? Who is responsible for the failure of European heads of states and governments to agree to a proposed new Constitution at their inter-governmental conference (IGC) in Brussels on 12-13 December?
There is a temptingly easy answer.
Ten national referenda around Europe between March and September 2003 reflect the engagement of citizens with European politics yet underline the sceptical attitude of many to further integration. As a constitution for an enlarged European Union grows nearer, the need for Europes people to have a voice in shaping their own future is clear.
Anna Lindh’s former special advisor remembers the tough-minded compassion that marked her as a "great European".
Even a wave of sympathy following Anna Lindhs murder did not prevent a majority of Swedes voting no to the euro. This yes-voter ponders the particular timbre of Swedish parochialism.
If all the European Union offers is more centralisation, then saying no makes a lot of sense says the British Conservative partys Foreign Affairs spokesman.
In May 2003, leading European philosophers challenged Europe to formulate a coherent foreign policy in its own and the worlds interest. Jacques Derrida, Jurgen Habermas and colleagues are well-intentioned but trapped in Eurocentrism, argues this American political philosopher. Europe needs not globalism but a provincialism that will enable a dialogue of equals with the rest of the world.