Florence Poilly at the World Forum for Democracy. Photo: Sophie Hemery.
How to create safe spaces in cyberspace was one of the questions discussed at this week’s World Forum for Democracy at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, France. But what would a feminist internet really look like? After the discussion, we asked five delegates for their views.
Florence Poilly, Forum of European Muslim Youth and Student Organisations
We should begin by educating people in empathy. Sometimes we can’t have empathy when facing some hate speech, but we should be able to raise the standard and decide not to reply to hate speech. Because sometimes it is very difficult to not do it. But I think a feminist internet should raise the standard, and not answer to hate speech.
I think a lot of people do a wonderful job [trying to create safe spaces online] but it’s very hard to get funding and support because sometimes mostly male organisations don’t want to support the work because it gives women too much power.
“I think a feminist internet should raise the standard, and not answer to hate speech”
Arezoo Najibzadeh, Young Women’s Leadership Network
Digital access is the biggest issue for me… We know in Northern communities and in rural communities it is much harder to [access] information, and access the internet, and in terms of education and being able to have a stronger voice within democratic and civic institutions and conversations, access to the internet proves to be a big issue for a lot of marginalised communities or countries with less access to global voices and the internet.
But also when we’re talking about global movements like #WeBelieveSurvivors and the #MeToo movement, we need to be more conscious of recognising the internet and websites like Twitter and Facebook as tools we can use to further our causes, and not necessarily credit these social media corporations for feminist work that’s been happening over ages.
And I think in the age of #MeToo, what we lose is the fact that it was a black woman [Tarana Burke] who was doing on-the-ground work who started the movement.
Arezoo Najibzadeh at the World Forum for Democracy. Photo: Sophie Hemery.
Menno Ettema, Council of Europe’s Anti-Discrimination Department
A feminist internet, for me, would look like an internet where everybody feels safe, regardless of gender, nationality, ethnicity… to participate, to express, to share information. And also that if you feel harassed, you can go somewhere to report [it] and it’s taken seriously and you get a quick response. Of course sometimes there are conflicts of opinion, conflicts of interest – and that should be fine, but this should be shared in a safe way for everyone.
“A feminist internet, for me, would be an internet where everybody feels safe, regardless of gender, nationality, ethnicity… to participate, to express, to share information.”
It’s also about respecting cultural differences and bridging these kinds of challenges to have a global community… For me the challenge is how do you do that in a space where you often communicate without faces or identities behind it… Intercultural learning, human rights education really needs space and time – people need to have safe spaces where they can grow and make mistakes and get positive feedback on how to see other perspectives and learn.
Internet companies own the platforms, but we should avoid them having a monopoly on what does and what doesn’t go. There are much broader discussions needed with NGOs that represent groups that are negatively affected at the moment… and governments, too… Independent legal oversight is important, but the question is how can this be done in a context where everything [happens] very quickly?
Rocío Galvez Serrano (left) from Spain and Andrea Toma from Romania at the World Forum for Democracy. Photo: Sophie Hemery.
Andrea Toma, Amnesty International Romania
I am a human rights educator and I’ve been doing trainings focused on gender equality and one of the workshops was actually focused on how to turn memes into something educational and something that benefits women, educating [people] on what women want and so on.
I believe that a feminist internet would necessarily be a safe space for women, which it’s not right now. But instead of saying ‘okay, memes can create more unsure spaces for women’, I wanted us to work on how we can use the memes to actually turn things [around]. We’re piloting this, so it was nice to have this friendly vision of ‘okay, memes can work like that’, can be thought through, can be documented, can make a campaign – including for feminist and gender equality campaigns. It was exciting to look at it from a different perspective.
Rocio Galvez Serrano, Asociación Egeria Desarrollo Social
I run a feminist organisation in Spain. I really don’t know how to create a safe space [online], because the internet itself gives you the power to be anonymous and you have a free space to harass people. I know that, in Spain, there are many feminist activists who have been harassed about their appearance, their dress… There is a kind of impunity to this. Maybe we can make specific laws to protect feminists, all activists… but I think the most vulnerable are women and feminist women. I think it’s the government’s responsibility [to address this].
*50.50 is reporting on this week’s events in Strasbourg as part of openDemocracy’s partnership with the 2018 World Forum for Democracy.