Two eras of revolution, and the next
The passing of the bipolar cold war brought a new kind of revolution. But it too is changing as American policy and...
Iran vs ISIS, stubborn imperial designs
The conflict of radical Shi'a-Sunni forces is fuelled by unyielding absolutisms that oppose the world's leading...
Khomeini to IS: paths of revolution
The Middle East's political map survived decades of tumult. Its long-term unravelling began with Iran's uprising in 1979.
A critique of Arab critique
The Arab world is often misunderstood by the tendency to ignore or flatten its differences - through time, across...
Arabs without capitals
The fragility of Arab capital cities reflects the lack of legitimacy among their rulers and the wider popular...
Islamism vs the weak Arab nations
The fragility of Arab national identity makes it difficult to resist the Islamic State. This makes the Kurdish...