A Quecha women walks nnext to a graffiti that reads "Fujimori Never", April 2011. AP PHoto/Rodrigo Adb. all rights reserved
On Sunday 5th June, Peru will see a second round of elections for the presidency of the Republic, between candidates Keiko Fujimori and Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.
On the 12th of April, with 95.32% of votes officially counted, the Popular Forces party led by the daughter of a dictator convicted and imprisoned for crimes against humanity and corruption, Alberto Fujimori, went on to the second round with 39.74% of votes .
The party furthermore constitutes the primary political force in Congress, enjoying an extraordinary majority. This also means that proposals for a new constitution are increasingly distant, as fujimorismo will defend the present one as the principal legacy of the dictator.
If Keiko Fujimori becomes president, proposals for human rights and civil rights will be frozen in Congress, and the communities of those historically excluded will be in grave danger.
Peruvians for Change
Second place went to the Peruvians for Change party led by Pedro Pablo Kuczynski who accumulated 21.04% of the votes; in this case there were proposals for human and civil rights, in particular for the LGBT community, including:
Civil union, incorporating the rights of the LGBT community in the National Human Rights Plan, the establishment of a register for victims of aggression due to sexual orientation and gender identity and a law against hate crimes.
Role of the left
The left, in the form of the Frente Amplio led by Veronika Mendoza, secured 18.79% of the vote, regaining a sturdy parliamentary role after decades, as leftist congressmen previously had entered parliament through the current ruling party.
An interesting point is the participation of Gregorio Santos, current governor of the Cajamarca region, who, remanded in custody without conviction, achieved with the Democracia Directa party 4.09% of votes and also a resounding victory in the Cajamarca region with 40.63 % of the vote. And what if he had been free? Even if Gregorio Santos didn't make it over the hurdle, it shows a very interesting political force that we should keep an eye on.
Alejandro Toledo simply did not make the hurdle, and Alan Garcia has had to resign the presidency of his party. We hope this is the end of the caudillos of APRA and Perú Posible, with the consequent emergence of generations oppressed by caudillos, in order to re-found these parties for the benefit of democracy.
The second round presents a dilemma that would be easily resolved with the active and dedicated participation of the left, which currently represents 22.88% of the national vote.
These political forces represented in the Frente Amplio and Democracia Directa have the responsibility to make a strong and active campaign against the dictatorship. The almost 23% of fresh and rejuvenated leftists can define the destiny of Peru, putting it in the hands of democracy, or placing it in the grip of the dictatorship.
Translated from Spanish by Katie Oliver, member of Democracia Abierta's Volunteer Program.