Goodbye, year of new movements: bring on 2012 and Occupy Everything

The editor of our Networked Society debate concludes the project by sharing his reflections on the last tumultuous year of global networked protest, making way for a new debate on the escalating Occupy Movement.
Aaron Bastani
13 January 2012

The editor of our Networked Society debate concludes the year-long project, making way for a new debate on the escalating Occupy Movement.

In the four pieces below, he walks us back through 2011, and tries to show how the last tumultuous year of global networked protest has led to the call to Occupy Everything.

As 2012 gets going, it is now broadly recognized that the ‘Network Society’ and its tools has given rise to a new breed of social movements and actors which themselves have created innovative tactics, strategies of protest and mobilizing identities (such as the 99% in the US and the Indignados in Southern Europe). All of this within the context of economic stagnation (at best) within the OECD for the better part of the rest of this decade.

Recognising this shift, OurKingdom is ending its year-long debate on the Networked Society, which I have had the pleasure of editing, and has begun a new debate on the Occupy Movement.

It is safe to say that 18 months ago no-one really saw any of this coming. When making applications to start a PhD in how the internet and digital communications affect social movements in late 2009 many political science faculties simply had no idea of what I was attempting to investigate. Popular thinking within the academy, and mainstream commentary more generally, had chosen to instead focus on the impact of the internet on already existing institutional actors such as political parties (the 2008 Barack Obama campaign), how to make existant bureaucracies more efficient or how the internet could render existing actors more accountable and transparent.



The idea that these same technologies would come to exercise a major influence on how ‘normal’ people organise themselves as agents of political and social change, particularly within the context of economic or political crisis, was rarely discussed. Consequently the energies unleashed by net-mediated forms of protest in 2011 were almost entirely unanticipated within the academy, the media and within the political establishment.

There were, of course, exceptions such as Clay Shirky and Cory Doctorow, who argued explicitly for the impact of the network society on collective action beyond institutional actors, but such thinkers broadly resided within the genre of 'popular science'. The transformation of such thinkers into the role of public intellectuals with the rise of these new movements is evident - particularly with Shirky, who, held in some contempt by parts of the academy previously, wrote the first ‘major’ article on the the 'political use' of social media for Foreign Affairs magazine in early 2011.

OurKingdom recognised this lacuna of analysis within the mainstream media and after some discussion it was decided that I would have the pleasure of editing the 'Networked Society’ debate. Our intention was to offer a level of analysis with regards to the role of technological change on social life and politics that was frequently found wanting elsewhere and hopefully couch emergent movements and social forms within a broader narrative that could bind heterogeneous demands, countries and political ideas.

Having been conceived of immediately after the wave of student occupations in the United Kingdom during the Winter of 2010 we weren't quite sure what kind of content was to be included nor what, be it in the UK or globally, was around the corner. As we now know it transpired to be rather a lot.

We believe that the debate did a good job of keeping up with what were, and remain, chaotic and inspiring events, and that it retained a level of insight often missing elsewhere. We are also very happy that we have been able to provide a platform for highly relevant content from elsewhere on the internet such as @piercepenniless @DSG_DSG and @SFTMC.

The following four articles act as a walk back through 2011, and a prediction for the year ahead. They offer some final points I would like to make with regards to the Networked Society debate in the hope that certain conclusions may be drawn as to what has happened, what we can learn... and maybe, what happens next.

Part One: The Alter-Globalisation Movement Goes North



Part Two: Open Source Activism and Memes

Part Three: Reality Management #Fail


Conclusion: Occupy Everything


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