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This project explores how the concept of citizenship is being redefined around the world. At a time when momentous world events, from the Arab Spring to Occupy, call for a deeper understanding of the purpose and power of citizenship, this project opens up the boundaries of citizenship by exploring political subjectivities within and outside ‘Europe’ broadly understood. It starts with a profound tension between two different institutions: citizenship, the process by which political subjectivity is recognised and enacted, and orientalism, the process by which Europe is considered the birthplace of ‘universal ideas’ such as democracy, secularism, rights, and capitalism. What is the tension? Read on...

Articles in date order:

Political subjectivity in Edmund Burke’s India and liberal multiculturalism

Edmund Burke’s speeches on India illustrate the emergence of the orientalised political subject. Traces of this in the present can be seen through the relationship between British multiculturalism and the undocumented migrant. 

Orientalism and the modernisation of sexuality

In the last two decades gendered and sexual ‘others’ have been ‘included’ in citizenship, as new sexual rights–bearing subjects. To what extent is this a Euro-American configuration within political liberalism? How do colonial and orientalist ideas about democracy follow from this restricted notion of the sexual citizen? 

Citizens without frontiers

Movements without frontiers are neither commercial nor protected. In fact, state, corporate and religious authorities often attempt to inhibit their activities. 

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