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“Sunny

Sunny Hundal is openDemocracy’s social media editor.

Constitutional conventions: best practice

محاولة للرد على مقال: الشوام وما أدراك ما الشوام

هذا الرد ليس محاولة للدفاع عن الشوام أو غيرهم من السوريين، فلكل مشاكله وخطاباته الطائفية الخاصة به، وإنما بصدد نقد طريقة طرح لا تخدم القضية المعلن عنها ضمن الملف.

The ancient city of Damascus: Shwam, and what I know about them

Ancient history, as well as political and demographic changes, shaped the relationship between the Shwam and other communities, as well as between the poor and rich Shwam. العربية

Is Iraq entering an era of post-sectarianism?

In the absence of civil war, the people of Iraq have found an opportunity to demand that the political elite deliver on their election campaign promises.

Iraq’s protest movement reveals the failure of the post-2003 regime

While Iraq is experiencing its fourth week of mass protests, it is essential to understand not only their direct causes but also the economic and political dynamics they reveal. العربية

هل أنا ابن عائشة العربيّة؟

إذا نظرنا بعمق إلى أسس تعامل وتفاعل عائلات بلادنا وأفرادها مع المحيط، وعائلتي ضمنًا، نرى أنّ هذه الأسس مبنية على القوميّة والطائفيّة والعشائريّة إلى حد كبير، واحترام الآخر هو غلاف هش رقيق لا معنى له حين يجدّ الجد. English

Am I the son of the Arab Aisha? Jokes in a mixed household

Our friendly teasing sometimes echoes nationalistic, sectarian and tribal prejudice. العربية

I am from Salamiya but none of this applies to me

In Syria, one could notice some of the significant remarks denigrating others based on their religion, sect, race or color. العربية

أنا من السلَمية... لكني لست ممن في هذا المقال

"عبادة الفرج" كتهمة تتخذ بعدين اثنين. فهي من جهة تنكر عليهم "عبادة الله" كمسلمين، وهي من جهة ثانية تحقّر المعتقد الإسماعيلي إلى مستوى "عبادة الفرج"، بحيث يكون الكفر أو الإلحاد أو الشرك بالله "تهمة" لطيفة جداً. English

Our Sectarianism – not just the regime’s creation

Talking about sectarianism in Syria is like standing on the line of fire. How can we talk about sectarianism without perpetuating it? العربية

طائفيتنا التي لم ينتجها النظام

يبدو الحديث عن الطائفية في سوريا أشبه بالوقوف على خط النار، إذ كيف يمكن الحديث عن الطائفية دون تأبيدها؟ English

The “other” and oral sectarian culture in Syria

Before the Syrian uprising, relationships between Syrian sects were, like those betwen the regime and the population, governed by taqiyya [dissimulation] or even hypocrisy. العربية

صورة الآخر في الثقافة الشفوية السورية

قبل الإنتفاضة السورية كانت العلاقة بين مختلف الطوائف السورية تحكمها التقية أو قل النفاق، كما هي العلاقة تماما بين النظام السياسي والشعب. English

In search of cardinal virtues in Iraq

Political violence has ascended into a mode of governance in Iraq today, wherein religious identity reigns supreme.

Iraqi feminists mobilise against sectarian laws

The sectarian personal status code comes in a context marked by social and religious conservatisms, sectarian conflicts, political instability and the absence of a strong unifying state.

Why sectarianism fails at explaining the conflict in Syria

While sectarianism may be a component, its role as the primary cause of the war remains secondary.

Misplaced concern: the sectarian scapegoat in Bahrain

To truly counter violent extremism in Bahrain and maintain the country’s stability, the US must use its leverage to urge the government to fully implement human rights reform and political reconciliation.

Why it would be sheer folly to redraw Middle East borders along ethnic lines

However groundless the Sykes-Picot Agreement, is a Balkanisation of Syria and Iraq really the way forward?

Book review: the politics of sectarianism in post-war Lebanon


A rigorous, timely examination of the reproduction of sectarianism and the forms of resistance to sectarian disciplinary power and how, in turn, the sectarian system responds to them.

Infographic: understanding sectarianism

A very accessible introduction to how we should grasp and portray sect and sectarianism in Syria and the Middle East.

Saudi's husseiniya massacre: sectarianism coming home to roost

The murder of Shi'a worshippers in the Eastern Province, by fighters who are returned jihadis, is the latest instance of blow-back. The Saudi regime must quickly change course.

Understanding calls for reinstating the Islamic State

Maududi’s writings on implementing Sharia and Qutb’s radical approach contributed to Jihadist movements that have been multiplying like mushrooms since the mid-seventies of the last century.

The Syrian army and its power pyramid

To continue our examination of the Syrian army, a contesting view to that of Kamal Alam in an excerpt from Gilbert Achcar's 'The People Want: A Radical Exploration of the Arab Uprising', identifying a complex manipulation of sect and clan in the maintenance of the Syrian regime and its apparatuses of violence.

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