A fire in the world’s laundromat

 

This isn’t a story about the disaster in Grenfell tower. If you want to know about that, then I recommend Dawn Foster. But it is a story about housing in London. It is a story about how communities became commodities and people were subordinated to money. And it is an important part of the under told history of modern Britain.

But it starts with a Neapolitan. Specifically, with the body-guard protected writer Roberto Saviano. The Italian author and journalist is well-known world-wide as the leading expert in the Calambrian mafia. Saviano has written about crime in Italy and about international drug money. He’s followed the flows of cash and he’s been awarded numerous prizes and honourary degrees for his work. But of all of the places he’s researched, he holds particular contempt for one.

Speaking last year, Saviano said:

“If I asked you what is the most corrupt place on Earth, you might tell me, well it’s Afghanistan, maybe Greece, Nigeria, the South of Italy and I will tell you it’s the UK.”

This isn’t because he thinks that the police in Britain generally accept more bribes than others, nor that our politicians stuff their brief cases with brown envelopes more than others. Rather, it’s because of the role of the City of London in laundering the proceeds of crime across the world. It’s because of the place that London takes at the heart of the planet’s biggest network of tax-havens and secrecy areas; which extends to our Overseas Territories, through the Crown Protectorates, and into the imperial metropolis itself.

But it’s not just Saviano, and it’s it just about the Cayman islands. Last year, the MPs of the Home Affairs Select Committee investigated London’s role in money laundering. Here’s their own summary of what their report says:

“poor supervision and enforcement in the London property investment market are making a safe haven for laundering the proceeds of crime. It calls for much stronger supervision of agents, buyers and sellers. It also says that the key tool for detecting suspicious financial activity across the financial services sector and connected industries, such as real estate, is overloaded to the point of being “completely ineffective”.”

The National Crime Agency agrees. And their 2015 report pointed out that the effect of tens of billions of pounds of criminal cash being sequestered through the London property market each year was to drive up property prices in the city.

Which seems pretty obvious. If you are a member of the world’s criminal elite, and you want to find a way to ‘clean up’ your cash, then one of the prime ways to do it is to buy a building in London. This increases demand for expensive London houses, which in turn puts pressure on the market as a whole.

Only, it’s not just a market. It is also a city, a collection of communities, a few million homes, lived in by people whose lives are more than numbers on spreadsheets. Yet we often fail to talk about the impact on the people living in the world’s laundromat.

And, of course, the answer is complex. The soaring house prices in London aren’t just about criminal cash. Capitalism works by extracting and investing surplus value. It is always hunting for new physical spaces, whether though foreign investment, or empire or gentrification. It will always disregard those who don’t fit neatly into the boxes in its profit maximising business plans. These things aren’t new.

But it is also about criminal cash. London’s place at the heart of crime and corruption across the planet does contribute significantly to the heat and the speed of the unfolding housing crisis in the city. It is one of the reasons that in much of London, a landlord earns more each year from the rise in the price of their property than a firefighter does from saving the lives of their tenants if it burns down; and why that same landlord is likely to make more money buying a second property than ensuring that the first one is mould-free or fire-safe.

And as criminal money pumps ever more air into the London housing bubble, driving up the prices in generally expensive areas, it’s no wonder that, to some, the relative value of the lives of the ordinary people who live there seem to diminish by comparison. It’s no wonder that priorities are warped by the heat of the market. It’s no wonder that people feel like councillors and developers want them out, like they have bigger things on their minds than basic fire-safety measures in aging tower blocks populated only by the kind of people who get in the way of plans for ‘regeneration’.

This isn’t a story about the Grenfell Tower disaster. The causes of that are complex, and we don’t yet know them all. But it is the story of what’s happening to the homes and lives of ordinary people in London. It’s a story about how communities became commodities. And it’s hard not to see the horrific events unfolding in West London as yet another horrific example of what happens when the needs of people are subsumed to the needs of the market.

  • Spot on. But the City’s involvement in laundering the proceeds of mafia crime is only a part of the problem. It also launders – and probably on a much larger scale – the proceeds of tax evasion (also a crime of course, though of a more genteel kind than the narcotics trade). These funds flow through the City to the “UK controlled” tax havens such as the ‘home islands’ – Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, Sark, Alderney – and those farther afield such as Gibraltar, Caymans, Bermuda, British Virgin, Turks and Caicos etc. Once the funds are laundered, they may and do return as clean investments, often in real estate. According to tax haven guru, Nicholas Shaxson, in June 2009 the (City) web as a whole held an estimated US$3.2 trillion in offshore bank deposits – about 55 per cent of the global total. And that’s just bank deposits. At the very heart of the fog (with apologies to Dickens) squats the Corporation of the City of London with the Lord Mayor at its head…. Highly recommended: Treasure Islands, Shaxson’s brilliant exposé.

    • BC

      “…also a crime of course, though of a more genteel kind than the narcotics trade”

      There is a view that tax evasion is not a “real” crime because all you are doing is preventing the confiscation of your own money. That is nonsense in its own right of course but it also needs to be added that by sharing the same laundering facility, those who commit the “lesser” crime are in effect in cahoots with the drug peddlers, people smugglers, terrorists and illegal arms traders.

      • Yes; but that’s merely happenstance – akin to strangers buying at the same store. The service supplier – the laundry – is the key factor.

        • BC

          Well no. It’s not a general retail outlet with a varied clientelle, Jeremy. It’s a bespoke service for a very limited number of customers who are all criminals. Where the collusion lies is in regulatory capture where both the City and its customers (who generally have power and influence in their own right) are instrumental in frustrating proper regulation. Even if we were to allow that theirs is not real criminality (which we shouldn’t), they carry out this business knowing full well that people whom even they regard as criminals benefit from it too.

          I do agree that the City is the key factor, though.

          • Interesting discussion BC. In this case, however, I think the situation is the opposite from the one you propose. The kernel of the City issue is its centuries-old “extra-legal” status. It has been a law unto itself since at least the first Elizabeth or maybe even since 1067 – and at any rate long before anyone had heard of the drug trade or funny money from wherever. The City touts for business regardless of regulation and with impunity precisely because it exists outside the UK regulatory envronment.There’s no need for a collusion of customers or latter-day regulatory capture. And, by the way, the Tory party is a notable beneficiary of the system – reportedly receiving at least half its funds from….the City of London.

          • BC

            That’s a really interesting article, Jeremy. Thanks

  • David Thomas

    Good and necessary- but can you correct “Laudromat”- a niggle, I know but it undermines the seriousness of the article

    • Adam Ramsay

      thanks! fixed this on Friday 🙂

  • Ally Mountain

    But this isn’t just about London. I was born in Cirencester and have spent my life being forced to move from one part of the Cotswolds to another by people buying up property. Rent and house prices are extortionate. Rich people talk about their lovely village communities but there’s noone left who has lived there for more than a generation. Daglingworth cemetery is packed with the graves of my ancestors. My mother’s family were farm labourers to the gentry for 1000s of years. But I couldn’t afford to live anywhere near the villages where I used to visit my uncles and aunts. My mother had 13 siblings. But their offspring are scattered to the four winds. I don’t know them. I grew up with a huge extended family. But now I am alone. Because I can’t afford to buy a community.

    • Adam Ramsay

      absolutely. But I think that, for most of the UK, London is at the centre of this process – sucking in capital and pushing out people.

openDemocracyUK presents a debate about how to build a just, sustainable, and resilient economy. Find out more about the project & submit your ideas.


  • All
  • Civil Society
  • Constitution
  • Education
  • Elections
  • Infrastructure
  • Local Government
  • Measurement
  • Money
  • Ownership
  • Procurement
  • Regulation
  • Research and Development
  • Spending
  • Tax
  • Trade policy