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Everybody has a role in finding ways forward on migration

The Traveller

Migrants are bankers, tech workers, and other members of the global elite. They are pensioners, students, agricultural workers and day labourers. They have different ages, skin colours, languages and faiths. They are young and old, single and married, pregnant and not pregnant, able and disabled, healthy and ill, heterosexual and LGBTQ. Many are travelling to escape something, while all are travelling to find something. And all are on the move.

On the move

“I never thought to come in Europe”: unpacking the myths of Europe’s ‘migration crisis’
VICKI SQUIRE

Europe’s failure to listen to people on the move has left it blind to why many people end up going there.


Drowning mothers
SINE PLAMBECH

As refugees try to cross the Mediterranean Sea – women are more likely to drown.


'They want me to fly like a bird': travels in the Belgian asylum system
DAVID CHARLES

Syrian refugees are in the news, but Europe is full of other refugees. They languish in centres while they wait for decisions, then trying again after they are almost certainly refused.

Becky is dead
SINE PLAMBECH

Becky’s life represents the world in microcosm. She isn’t the first of the migrants I’ve worked with to have died and will unlikely be the last. Becky was 28 years old.


Why Roma migrate
WILL GUY

Almost all central and east European Roma migrants to western Europe are not trafficked. They seek opportunities denied at home and escape from the racism perpetuating their marginalisation.

Read on...

The long year of migration and the Balkan corridor

Refugees, displacement, and the European ‘politics of exhaustion’

Tortured for ransom: extortion on migrant routes

Stuck in transit

Send us to the moon
LUDEK STAVINOHA and VANESSA MARJORIBANKS

Trapped on a Greek island for more than 300 days, the story of a Syrian refugee's peaceful protest against Europe's oppressive border regime.


Portrait of a Greek refugee camp
ALEX FUSCO

Refugee camps are neither all milk and honey nor are they all misery and suffering. To find a way forward, we must first understand where we are.


At the crossroads: homeless and undocumented people in Paris since the Calais evictions
FRANCES GRAHL

Many of the people evicted from Calais’ ‘Jungle camp’ are now sleeping in intersections around central Paris. Is this what the French authorities call improvement?


Snapshots of the ‘other’ asylum seekers at Oinofyta refugee camp
MANA ALIABADI

Europe has privileged Syrians over asylum seekers from Afghanistan, Iran, and elsewhere, making it even more difficult for them to access protection. But just because they’ve been forgotten doesn’t mean they’ve left.

Read on...

Humans of Calais: a photo essay

Serbia waiting: between trapped migrants and EU enclosures

Giving birth as a refugee

Revealing truths: talking with refugees in Samos

The Artist

All the statistics and research in the world won't create empathy where there is none. Script writers, novelists, painters, graffiti artists, dancers, poets – they can all portray experience to bring the stories home.

Art and the refugee ‘crisis’: Mediterranean blues
IAIN CHAMBERS

Artists are mapping new itineraries of the Mediterranean, throwing into relief an incurable colonial wound that continues to bleed into the present.


Meet the dancers who are making refugees welcome
HONOUR BAYES

The Islington Centre for Refugees and Migrants uses the arts to support refugees to make new lives - but government cuts mean it may be forced to close.


We need to help in Calais
JULIET STEVENSON

You, me, and the distance between us
ELLEN MURIEL

A British actress uses songs, puppets and disarmingly introspective honesty to open a conversation on refugees, life in Europe’s camps, and the ambiguous role of privileged volunteers.


5,083 boats: a dead reckoning
VICKI SQUIRE and BERN O’DONOGHUE

A new installation at the Tate Gallery in London combines scholarship and art to inspire empathy with those crossing the Mediterranean.


The Guard

Protectors to some and tormentors to others, these professional obstacles serve the express purpose making sure borders are not breached. Their role, and how they carry out that role, is a vital part of how migration takes place.

Migrant smuggling to the EU – the need for a coordinated response
BRIAN DONALD

From national authorities to EU institutions and international organisations, it is imperative that efforts to tackle the threats are coordinated.


Challenges of the Mediterranean illegal migration crisis
MÁRIO MARQUES

The perspective of those who are at sea, whatever the conditions, 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, 365 days per year, to make the maritime environment safer and more secure.

Warfare on the logistics of migrant movements: EU and NATO military operations in the Mediterranean
GLENDA GARELLI and MARTINA TAZZIOLI

Operations in the Mediterranean are billed as either humanitarian or necessary to prevent human trafficking, however the expansion of the military presence there means nothing less than warfare on migrants.


Post-'Jungle' racist policing in Calais
LIAM BARRINGTON-BUSH

A witness account of a small sample of the ongoing police racism that is playing out all over Calais every day, since the eviction of the ‘Jungle’. Two hours. Seventeen people of colour detained. Nine arrested.

The Smuggler

The flip side of the guard, the smuggler finds a path where there is none, for a fee. Regardless of whether they are monsters or saviours, they are the only reason many irregular migrants reach their destination.

Migrant smugglers: monsters or saviours?
ANNE GALLAGHER

Migrant smuggling is often cruel and exploitative, yet it is often the only way to escape poverty or conflict. Addressing this problem requires a fundamental re-think of migration regimes, including refugee policy.


Communities of smugglers and the smuggled
NASSIM MAJIDI

Changing country outside of legal pathways relies on trust and community support, yet the ties that bind become more tenuous the farther a migrant is from home.


The call to become a smuggler
LUIGI ACHILLI

Human smugglers are widely portrayed as marketeers, yet the smuggler-migrant relationship is often coloured by moral, social, and even religious obligations. Heightened border policing has the potential to undermine all that.


Governing migrant smuggling: a criminality approach is not sufficient
ANNA TRIANDAFYLLIDOU

The emergency management of migration crises tends to focus on policing while overlooking the broader socio-economics that both support smuggling and push people into the hands of smugglers.


Human smuggling: the tunnel underneath economic apartheid
SHELDON ZHANG

American and European border policies defend economic inequality far more than national sovereignty or security.

Human smuggling: the pride of Niger's economy
LUCA RAINERI

Niger would be in for a rough ride if efforts to end human smuggling were taken seriously, and the European Union knows it.

Underage human smugglers: the story behind Mexico’s “circuit children”
ANA LILIA GALVÁN TOVÍAS, FERNANDO LOERA, and CARLOS ZAVALA

Activists and social workers in Juarez are working to understand underage participation in human smuggling and prevent minors from being caught up in illegal cross-border transactions.


Precarious livelihoods in eastern Indonesia: of fishermen and people smugglers
ANTJE MISSBACH

Indonesian fishermen started smuggling people to Australia after their other sources of income dried up, even though it often meant jail time. Indeed, that was part of their livelihood strategy.

The Municipal Leader

Cities and towns are where integration and resistance takes place. Municipal leaders are vital to helping migrants to build new homes, localities to adapt, and fears from going out of control.

The Think Project, Brexit and the urgent need for better citizenship education
ROCIO CIFUENTES

The Think Project in Wales, born from a project to combat home-grown Islamic extremism, demonstrates that open discussion can effectively draw at-risk youth away from far-right ideologies as well.


A new international municipalist movement is on the rise – from small victories to global alternatives
KATE SHEA BAIRD

In a world stuck between neoliberal crisis and authoritarianism, a reinvigorated municipalist movement is proving a powerful tool to build emancipatory alternatives from the ground up.


Barcelona: city of refuge
IGNASI CALBÓ and RAMÓN SANAHUJA

Barcelona seeks to welcome refugees and migrants into the fabric of the city, but its efforts have been stymied by the national government.

When refugees appear, we take them to the art museum
SUSANNE ASCHE

The German city of Karlsruhe uses art to bring new arrivals together with local citizens, creating a dialogue that is the foundation of integration.


#BristolBrexit: a city responds to Brexit
JON FOX

Uncertainty is plaguing the transition to a post-Brexit Britain. Cities can, and must, address it head on in ways that work best for them.


How can we resist post-Brexit racism?
MAGDA MOGILNICKA

What does one do when they feel their home turning against them?

The Community Member

When politicians fail to step up to the plate, the generosity and understanding of community members can be the decisive factor for migrants arriving in a new place.

Unjust to everyone? Responses to deportation of asylum seekers in Finland
KARINA HORSTI

How does Finland’s unjust asylum policy reflect on its citizens? The Government’s stance is harming both asylum seekers and Finns.


The illegal kitchen spoon: the story of the Let's Help the Refugees Together group
LUCA LÁSZLÓ

We only asked for shelter for a few hours while the worst storm raged, but no charity organizations or churches we contacted were willing to help — an important turning point.

From insecurity to insecurity: Black and Ethnic Minority Europeans in the UK
UMUT EREL and ELISAVET TAPINI

“If all the Europeans leave, who work so hard and they pay taxes, how are they going to manage to keep the benefit system in the first place?”


Finland for the Finns?
ANNA VESTERINEN

To the astonishment of both their supporters and opponents, the populist Finns Party are likely to be influential players in the new Finnish coalition government. What does this mean for Finland...and for Europe?


Building community in Berlin’s Sharehaus
JESSICA ABRAHAMS

Often, things that are seen as a problem in society are not: the house where locals and refugees live and work together.


Mediating conflicts over refugee integration
ÁLVARO RAMÍREZ

Conflicts arising from refugee integration are perhaps inevitable, but public mediation techniques offer a blueprint for how governments and civil society can help cities adjust.


So, is it a refugee crisis?
ROCIO CIFUENTES

“Not really. It’s a crisis of everybody’s values and everybody’s solidarity, and how far they’re willing to go to ensure human rights for everybody.”

The Policy Critic

Where would the policy makers be without their critics? Maligned as they are, the job of critics is to ensure that the next iteration of a policy is better than the last.

Analysing movement

Migration fantasies: how not to debate immigration and asylum
ALI RATTANSI

We must talk about population movements in terms of gross inequality, unfair trade patterns, failed states, demographic change, the collapse of the Soviet bloc, and American hegemony.

The globalisation of migration control
FRANCK DÜVELL

A truly liberal approach to migration includes the right to exit and to enter - anything restricting these rights should only be seen as tyranny.


How politicians and the media made us hate immigrants
CHITRA NAGARAJAN

Politicians and the press are locked in a cycle of increasing anti-immigrant rhetoric, presented as 'uncomfortable truth'. Yet the problem is not immigration but socio-economic inequality. Poverty and exclusion are faced by working class people of all backgrounds.


In a world of commonplace horrors, how do we talk about the refugee crisis?
IMOGEN TYLER and JENNA LOYD

All summer, the news has broadcast images of overloaded boats, discarded life-jackets, and dead children on Mediterranean beaches. When the violence of inequality becomes ordinary, we no longer imagine alternatives.


Read on...

Visions of the exceptional

The folly of mass immigration

The US is failing in its moral obligation to Syrian refugees

Migration – follow the money

Fortress Europe

Refugee and migrant arrivals in the EU in 2016: who are we talking about?
MARCO SIDDI

A thoughtful analysis should deconstruct narratives portraying migrants as a ‘weapon’ and identify them for what they are: people looking for international protection or, at most, better living conditions.


Zombie politics: Europe, Turkey and the disposable human
KEREM OKTEM

Who will think of the EU as a global actor with normative power, now that it finds itself in the role of rubberstamping and in fact facilitating Turkey's slide into the abyss?


The refugee crisis facing fortress Europe
PETRA GÜMPLOVÁ

The ‘humanitarianism’ of military control, detention, and deportation, will not solve the refugee crisis facing Europe. Substantial changes in thought and practice are desperately needed.


How many people have to die before we start talking responsibly about immigration?
DAVID WEARING

Deaths in the Mediterranean are directly linked to xenophobic politics in Britain.


A Europe united against refugees
EMMANUEL BLANCHARD

Hungary may have been first to literally wall off some of its frontiers, but its example has since been copied, by the French and the British.


The deadly consequences of Europe’s border militarization
NICK BUXTON and MARK AKKERMAN

Refugees are using other, often more dangerous, routes, contributing to the increase in migrant deaths that we have seen in 2016.


Twisting the 'lessons of history' to authorise unjustifiable violence: the Mediterranean crisis
OPEN LETTER

More than 300 slavery and migration scholars respond to those advocating for military force against migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean. This is no slave trade. Where is the moral justification for actions that cost lives?

Read on...

How Denmark faces immigration

Persecution and the threat to the refugee system

Bigotry seeks company in the UK

The Policyshaper

At the coal face of trying to structure society, this thankless job comes with both real power and real responsibility. What they do can affect millions.

The answer to the refugee crisis? A return to European ideals
NILS MUIŽNIEKS

The refugee crisis is symbolic of the political crisis in Europe. To avoid systemic collapse, Europe must return to solidarity and protecting those fleeing war and persecution.


The struggle for sans-papiers human rights
UPENDRA BAXI

Protecting the rights of refugees and migrants requires a response based in hospitality not hostility.


Toward a more reasonable European asylum system
ANNA TERRÓN CUSÍ

National governments must cede some control over immigration to EU-level institutions if migrants are ever to be received and dealt with humanely.

People flow: migration and Europe
THEO VEENKAMP, TOM BENTLEY, and ALESSANDRA BUONFINO

The existing European approach to migration does not match reality or recognise the evolving complexity of human mobility. openDemocracy and Demos proposed a model that does.


Tomorrow’s Agency for Asylum
JEAN-PIERRE SCHEMBRI

The new EU Agency for Asylum will play a crucial part in the near future in making a robust migration management system for the EU come true.


Refugees and realistic European options
MARLEY MORRIS

The EU Commission needs to satisfy both a majority in the European Parliament and a qualified majority in the Council of Ministers.


Post-facts, post-gains: the economics of labour migration after Brexit
ELISA MOSLER VIDAL

Curbing labour migration involves macroeconomic risks the government needs to address. However, Theresa May’s impasse between electorate and market promises prevents pragmatic dialogue on this.


Home from home? The journey to a better refugee policy
JAMES MILNER and GIL LOESCHER

The root cause leading people to leave their homes should be addressed first, and failing that, refugees should be granted asylum without hesitation, as the ultimate himan right.


The UN Convention on Migrant Workers’ Rights at 25
ANTOINE PÉCOUD

The UN Convention on Migrant Workers' Rights has not yet been ratified by a single western migrant-receiving state, despite being one of the UN's core human rights instruments.


People movement: the need for a World Migration Organisation
ARTHUR C. HELTON

The world needs a global migration organisation to regulate and supervise the movement of peoples.


Global migration summits are high-stakes and high-risk
DANNY SRISKANDARAJAH

The outcome of the summits must be about sharing responsibility, not shirking or shifting it. It can be done.


Dusting off the Sangatte playbook: a humane, practical course of action in Calais
NICK PEARCE

Increased security at Calais might prevent migrants risking life and limb to get to the UK, but it will not deal with the migrants currently living rough in the Pas de Calais, nor the wider problem of refugee and migrant flows into the EU.

Read on...

On the EU-Turkey deal

The immigration problem

Migration: the emergency exit

The Entrepreneur

For all the talk of 'economic migrants', in a capitalist society one cannot have integration without jobs. Both migrant and national entrepreneurs are needed to make that economic opportunity possible.

Three humanitarian proposals
REGINA CATRAMBONE

"The people we rescue are increasingly reporting having been exploited, abused, beaten, kidnapped for ransom or tortured along the journey from their country of origin to the Libyan coast."


Bristol, Brexit and the creative challenge
PAUL APPLEBY

Bristol’s creative industries give the city a strong starting point for taking the city global post-Brexit. But it will need support to succeed.


Brexit, Bristol and business
GLENN MORGAN

Business was never unified on its stance towards Brexit, and very few assessments have studied how it will affect local economies.Might Bristol be the place to start?


Post-facts, post-gains: the economics of labour migration after Brexit
ELISA MOSLER VIDAL

Curbing labour migration involves macroeconomic risks the government needs to address. However, Theresa May’s impasse between electorate and market promises prevents pragmatic dialogue on this.

The Blue-skies Thinker

The possible, the practical, and the realistic are rarely enough to make the world a better place. If we ever want to stop tinkering around the edges we need some radical ideas from those who see no limits.

Changing the racialized ‘common sense’ of everyday bordering
NIRA YUVAL-DAVIS, GEORGIE WEMYSS, and KATHRYN CASSIDY

The out-sourcing of border-guarding is not (just) going to paid expert agencies but is imposed as part of the unpaid daily citizenship duties of untrained people in Britain.


We need to remove free movement from the vicious circle of security
DIDIER BIGO and EMMANUEL-PIERRE GUITTET

While freedoms, such as the principles of equality and non-discrimination, the presumption of innocence and respect for privacy, undoubtedly still exist, they have been relegated to the margins.


Resisting the movement of control
MARCIA CAVALCANTE and KRYSTIAN WOZNICKI

We must fight for more transparency, and against technologies of decision-making. We cannot not do it. But this is not enough. We must learn the language of becoming other.


The dilemmas of migration and the alternatives
MARIANO AGUIRRE

Force and denial are not going to solve the migrant crisis—instead we must turn to long-term economic, political, and cultural solutions.


Open borders: a future for Europe, migrants, and the world economy
NIGEL HARRIS

If a progressive migration policy is not installed, the reverse will take effect and will have catastrophic consequences.


Open borders for a sustainable future
BOB HUGHES

Should people be deported for being who they are? What if we were to scrap all anti-immigrant laws? An Open Borders politics could kick-start the transformation of society.


The case for open borders
JOSEPH H. CARENS

The discretionary control that states exercise over immigration is unjust. People should normally be free to cross borders and live wherever they choose.


Thinking about open borders
ANTOINE PÉCOUD

The free movement of people across international borders is a taboo in international political debates, making a thorough and much-needed rethinking of migration politics impossible. This must change.

The Child

Through no fault of their own these young migrants need special attention to survive their own circumstances, and how they are treated as they grow up will shape our societies for generations to come.

I am a human, speaking to you
YAZAN AL-SHRIF

This is a collaborative article, written by a Syrian refugee minor with additional information from the refugee communities of Konitsa Refugee Camp, Greece, with support from a collective of non-aligned academics.


Trapped in the new Greek archipelago with no way out
TIM BASTER and ISABELLE MERMINOD

According to the UNHCR, some 46,000 refugees are stranded in mainland Greece - trapped in an archipelago of camps that stretches from the northern borderlands to Athens.

The European Citizen

No one country in Europe will create lasting solutions by themselves. Europeans will need to work both nationally and at the European level to make meaningful progress.

What the EU must do now to halt this tragedy on its shores
NANDO SIGONA

There are answers to the Mediterranean migrant-deaths crisis. They just require the European Union, whose foreign ministers met yesterday, to grasp the political nettle.


Muslims and European multiculturalism
TARIQ MODOOD

How prevalent is the discourse that describes Muslims as making unreasonable demands on European society? Why do we so often hear Muslims described as 'them' instead of 'us'?


EU loses all moral standing on Lesbos
KIRSTY HUGHES

Humanitarian aid has become sidelined for a political agenda – the EU-Turkey deal – something that should be unacceptable for the EU: “humanitarian aid should be neutral, impartial.”

What will Brexit mean for asylum in the UK?
LUCY MAYBLIN

Brexit was a vote largely against regular movement from the EU, but what about refugees? A new series seek to explore what Brexit will mean for those in search of safety.
Read the complete Brexit migration watch series


Migration crisis in 2017 – challenges for EU solidarity
KAMIL MATUSZCZYK

Changes in the political scene may lead to the reformation of migration policy in EU countries, and that in turn may be another impulse towards weakening the community as a whole. Europe's war on migrants
HEAVEN CRAWLEY

The unending series of mass drownings in the Mediterranean of migrants and refugees are not unfortunate tragedies: they are the dread outworking of the occluding of humanitarian concern by the rhetoric of border control.


Dispatch from the Balkans
STACY TOPOUZOVA

It is guarantees of safe passage and access to asylum that are crucial, not border fortifications. We must respect the universal basic right to seek asylum.


A day out in Calais
HUGH BRODY

An anthropologist's day in "The Jungle", the patch of land in Calais that brings shame to British and French governance

Brexit, the Commonwealth, and exclusionary citizenship
GURMINDER K. BHAMBRA

Brexit is the second time Britain has moved to strip citizenship rights from many of its existing citizens.


The rights and wrongs of the High Court ruling on triggering Article 50
ZAKI NAHABOO

The UK Supreme Court will soon decide whether parliament has a say on Brexit. A lot rides on the decision, but either way one side will claim victory for ‘the people’.


The Labour Party, free movement and Brexit
OWEN PARKER

Labour needs to resist its drift toward a more ambivalent position on free movement.


Fear of populism is hollowing out Europe’s leadership on refugees
BENJAMIN WARD

Even where populists don’t win power through the ballot box, they gain it through shaping policy and public debate.


What will happen mañana? Brexit and return migration of retirees from Spain
JORDI GINER-MONFORT

Brexit could prompt hundreds of thousands of British retirees to return from continental Europe, placing additional strain on the UK’s health and social welfare systems.


EU migration policy: effective solidarity or ineffective implementation of existing Treaty provisions?
SOLON ARDITTIS

How best can we Europeans re-establish at least a semblance of moral and economic justice in the future conduct of EU migration policy?


Europe’s Greek tragedy deepens out of sight
LUDEK STAVINOHA

While European leaders continue to hail the EU-Turkey deal – under which refugees arriving in Greece since March are threatened with deportation – its human toll ruins the lives of thousands.


From tourist dream to existential threat, it’s time to bid farewell to Club Med
MAX HOLLERAN

The collapse of the Mediterranean neighbourhood, once Europe’s success story, is the casualty of both terror and the financial crisis. It threatens to transform mare nostrum into a moat.

The Detainee

Detention has become a preferred from of migration management, and many of those on the move have more than one story of spending time in a pen. What will Europe do with the people it would rather lock up than let reach their destinations?

The migrant camps of Chios: Greece's ongoing refugee crisis
JOHN-MARK PHILO

There are three refugee camps on the Greek island of Chios. Your quality of life depends a great deal on where you've been placed, and where you’ve been placed is mostly down to luck.


Trapped in the new Greek archipelago with no way out
TIM BASTER and ISABELLE MERMINOD

According to the UNHCR, some 46,000 refugees are stranded in mainland Greece - trapped in an archipelago of camps that stretches from the northern borderlands to Athens.


The need for transformation in UK detention centres
ABBEY KIWANUKA

Seeking asylum in the UK is like falling from the frying pan into the fire. The first in Transformation's series on prison abolition.


Letter from Australia to Britain: Trading in human misery - immigration and the "Malaysian solution"
LINDA BRISKMAN

Australia’s detention regime offers an ugly vision of where UK asylum policy may be headed.

The Asylum Seeker

The lucky few who get through the asylum process successfully now have the task of building themselves a new life. What will make or break that experience for them?

This is what life is like for an asylum seeker
MIRANDA SURAMA

Survival on £35 a week, the everyday boredom of waiting for a trial, and how the system needs to be humanised: a UK asylum seeker speaks out.


Marginal bodies: queer migrants on transformation
MÓNICA ENRÍQUEZ-ENRÍQUEZ

What does it mean to be undocumented in the USA? Drawing from her own experiences of the asylum system, mónica enríquez-enríquez presents two short films on queer migration, violence, loss and finding identity in the margins.


Suffering happens, but Pakistan's Afghan refugees are more than just victims
SANAA ALIMIA

The word 'refugee' conjures up images of rows of tents, barefoot children and saddened faces. The reality is more complex. My research shows that Afghan refugees have developed lives alongside Pakistani nationals in Karachi's poor katchi abadi areas: marrying, working, loving and learning together.


What will Brexit mean for asylum in the UK?
LUCY MAYBLIN

Brexit was a vote largely against regular movement from the EU, but what about refugees? A new series seek to explore what Brexit will mean for those in search of safety.

The Journalist

Migration is regularly misrepresented by politicians and has become a prime target for fake news. Without journalists we would lose our primary way of knowing what's going on on our borders and in our towns.

Europe in despair: refugee crisis and press freedom in Turkey
BERFU KIZILTAN

Europe needs to show that it actually cares about the cornerstones of democracy by putting pressure on Ankara to restore the free flow of information and ideas.


Can we afford to ignore what Katie Hopkins says about migrants drowning in the Med?
DES FREEDMAN

The Sun columnist's violent words about the refugee crisis in the Mediterranean are indefensible. They should be condemned as hate speech.


European refugees and Twitter
AURORA LABIO, ROMÁN MARTÍN, and FRANCISCO NÚÑEZ

The political parties, professions and media that were registered as the most active in the Twitter storm #DiaMundialdelosRefugiados were those from the centre left.

The Parent

Migrant parents must not only keep themselves alive on the move but also ensure that their children make it through safely to the other side as well.

The migrant camps of Chios: Greece's ongoing refugee crisis
JOHN-MARK PHILO

There are three refugee camps on the Greek island of Chios. Your quality of life depends a great deal on where you've been placed, and where you’ve been placed is mostly down to luck.


Drowning mothers
SINE PLAMBECH

As refugees try to cross the Mediterranean Sea - women are more likely to drown.


Pancakes for peace! The school bus project in Calais
DAVID CHARLES

Sharing food and mutually teaching each other can help bring people together. In the Jungle camp of Calais, one woman from Brighton has started a new project to demonstrate this truth.

The Activist

In a distracted and apathetic world, we need people willing to jump into the fray when their blood beings to boil.

Who cares for the refugees?
DIMITRIS DALAKOGLOU and ANTONIS ALEXANDRIDES

Refugee welfare infrastructures are run thanks to self-organised, spontaneous social activists: not by the receivers of EU aid packages.


Reasons for leaving: refugee stories from Samos
CHRIS JONES and SOFIANE AIT CHALALET

The term ‘economic migrant’ has been a key weapon in the authorities’ war against refugees, yet it hides much more than it reveals.


Welcoming refugees despite the state
BUE RÜBNER HANSEN

Cities and activists across Europe are fighting their national governments to better welcome refugees.

"The fence must go!" - reflections on the meaning of Europe's most recent fortifications in Hungary
ANTJE SCHARENBERG

25 years ago, a fence in Hungary made history. Today a new fence in the country is also making history - but for entirely different reasons.


Refugees, displacement, and the European ‘politics of exhaustion’
LEONIE ANSEMS DE VRIES and MARTA WELANDER

Refugees and humanitarian workers alike are drained by years of uncertainty, movement, destitution, and the threat of criminal sanction or deportation, created by EU and state policies.

Solidarity is a political struggle: free and forced mobility between Italy and France
ANNALISA LOLLO

Recent European migratory policies and practices are determined to push people back out of Europe. How do activists use international solidarity to combat this in Marseille?

The Doctor

Whether they see to the health of migrants, are migrants themselves, or both, doctors working in the field are one reason why the death toll from migration isn't even higher than it already is.

Why migrant mothers die in childbirth in the UK
RAMYA RAMASWAMI

Maternal mortality among black African women in the UK is up to seven times higher than it is among white women. Doctors’ surgeries are misunderstanding their obligations to migrant patients, says Dr Ramya Ramaswami.


Medicine as a weapon of war in Syria
SALEYHA AHSAN

With international humanitarian access and staff limited by the Assad government, liberated areas see not only deteriorating conditions but also new roles for Syrians outside and inside the country confronting the consequences.


Racism in the NHS: don’t let the unspeakable become acceptable
ROGER KLINE

The toxic debate leading up to the Brexit vote has sharpened the risk that NHS staff and patients experience racial & xenophobic abuse - and highlighted the problems that are already there. How should those running the NHS respond?

The Lawyer

Some lawyers defend a system that makes some travellers 'illegal' while others not, and some fight against it. Their battlefield is the backdrop to the entire story of modern migration.

Kafka on the shore: European asylum law and the slow death of due process
SOPHIE CAPICCHIANO YOUNG

These are not simply draconian measures to curb refugee movement towards Europe, but populist ideals presented to the European Parliament as an authentic means of terminating its “refugee crisis”.


What principles should guide a fair refugee responsibility sharing regime?
CAYLAN FORD, STEPHEN KINGAH, KHADIJA LEUENBERGER, MASAYO OGAWA, and PALLAVI SHARMA

The world is at a crossroads for refugee protection. The UN Summit provides a rare opportunity to engineer a system that is equitable both for refugees and for host countries.


Solidarity in European asylum policies: response to a problem or part of it?
ELENI KARAGEORGIOU

Solidarity in EU asylum policies has become a euphemism for bargaining responsibility, and proposed reforms to the Dublin regulations will only entrench that misuse of the concept.

Unsafe Turkey, unsafe Europe
SERGIO CARRERA and AIKATERINI DRAKOPOULOU

We need to look at the profound political, legal and ethical costs of reducing refugee flows.


Solidarity beyond the state: towards a model of solidarity centred on the refugee
VALSAMIS MITSILEGAS

The increase in the flows of asylum seekers towards the European Union in recent years has re-awakened the discussion over the meaning of European solidarity.

Setting the EU scene: a management crisis, not a refugee crisis
SOPHIE MAGENNIS

The EU can and must show leadership in managing refugee movements effectively in accordance with international law.


Transatlantic data transfers and privacy protection: an ongoing battle
VALSAMIS MITSILEGAS and NIOVI VAVOULA

A meaningful legal response would be the establishment of global privacy standards – a ‘new universal law on surveillance’. Undoubtedly, EU law and case law could provide a guiding light.


Refugee crisis and Central and Eastern Europe: what solidarity do we need?
KAROLINA BABICKA

There is a disconnect between law and practice whereby the EU is continually reforming the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) but seems incapable of implementing it.


It is time to move beyond the Dublin logic
ANNELIESE BALDACCINI

Dublin IV is built on deterrence… the overriding imperative being to prevent asylum seekers from arriving spontaneously; and block them in the member state of first entry.

The Migrant Activist

Most people who are or were on the move keep their heads down to avoid trouble. Some – both with and without legal statuses – raise their voice up for themselves and others.

Subverting neoliberal slavery: migrant struggles against labour exploitation in Italy
SUSI MERET and SERGIO GOFFREDO

We are witnessing cumulative processes of politicization – struggles and organization involving migrant workers and activists setting out to build awareness locally, and link up globally.


Creating a safe haven in the intersection of state racism and structural patriarchy
RENI EDDO-LODGE

The UK Feminista’s summer school heard how female asylum seekers fight back against the intersecting injustices they face.


I am a human, speaking to you
YAZAN AL-SHRIF

This is a collaborative article, written by a Syrian refugee minor with additional information from the refugee communities of Konitsa Refugee Camp, Greece, with support from a collective of non-aligned academics.


City Plaza: a way forward for the European ‘migration crisis’?
VICKI SQUIRE

A novel migration and refugee accommodation project in Athens organised by refugee, student, and solidarity activists is offering crucial assistance where governments and international agencies are not.


Migrants are driving innovative campaigns for female refugees in Germany
CLAUDIA BOLLWINKEL

Activists are using a multi-van in Germany to help female refugees cope with violence and harassment.


In Libya, locals push back against human smuggling
RAOUF FARRAH

While many Amazigh were marginalized and discriminated against during the Gaddafi era, they are now the vanguard in promoting minority rights.

The Campaigner

Campaigners have the drive to push change through without the pull toward direct action. They serve as an important link between civil society and the political establishment.

The myths of migration
PATRICK TARAN

The conversation surrounding migration is full of disinformation. Challenging the resulting misconceptions could change the everyday cost-benefit analysis of migration.


What could go wrong in this year’s GFMD?
KUDAKWASHE VANYORO and KELLYNN WEE

The 2016 Global Forum on Migration and Development just opened in Bangladesh. Two return delegates from civil society explain what would make this year’s conference, in their eyes, better than the last.


Arresting the mass detention of migrants: ‘Build trust, not walls’
JEROME PHELPS

The pragmatic development of alternatives to detention with civil society at the fore can help to arrest the slide into the abyss of mass detention of migrants in Europe.


We must fight the ‘leave’ side’s lies on migration, not support them
ALEX SCRIVENER

The remain campaign shouldn't pander to Leave's lies about migration.


Fighting in the left corner
MICHAEL CHESSUM and ROSEMARY BECHLER

“We are an organization with one staff member, and a limited amount of energy because nobody in the political and activist left wants to talk about Brexit!"


More than a refuge, a welcome
MANUELA ZECHNER, BUE RÜBNER HANSEN, and FRANCESCO SALVINI

In today’s world, it is essential to take welcoming into account in the cycle of reproduction of social life.


Migration: beyond "what people think"
HEAVEN CRAWLEY

A skewed debate on immigration has lost touch with reality and become fuel for fear, anxiety and prejudice. Never have reasoned argument been more needed.

The Researcher

In a political field full of assumptions and knee-jerk reactions, we need people with enough stamina and patience to move our understanding beyond the simple snapshot.

On superdiversity in a ‘crisis mood’
NANDO SIGONA

“Recognising the need to question our categorisation and how we pigeon-hole society doesn’t only have analytical power. It also provides us with a different way of looking at society.” An interview.


Punish the smuggler or reward the smuggler? Recent refugee arrivals in Greece
FOTINI RANTSIOU

As its northern and western neighbours close their doors to asylum seekers through policies, borders and distance, Greece continues to welcome them to the best of its ability.


The transience and persistence of the ‘jungle’ in Calais
LEONIE ANSEMS DE VRIES

It is at once an informal encampment of makeshift shelters; a town under construction, with shops, restaurants and schools; and, a space subject to institutional violence, at risk of imminent destruction.


Mediterranean migration crisis: transit points, enduring struggles
LEONIE ANSEMS DE VRIES, GLENDA GARELLI, and MARTINA TAZZIOLI

The fracturing demands a rethink of the terms usually employed for describing migration movements, such as ‘route’ and ‘border crossing.’ Introduction to a rethink.


Protest against the deportation of asylum seekers
SIEGLINDE ROSENBERGER

From the perspective of deportees, a certain amount of luck has been needed to be in the right place at the right time in order to be saved.


Breaking new ground in Jordan
FLORIAN GUCKELSBERGER

Five years ago Syria’s uprising began and the ensuing war forced millions to flee to neighboring Jordan, a land whose present holds some lessons for Europe’s future.

Crisis in Europe exposes failing refugee protection regime
JOHN TORPEY

The refugee protection regime works if it remains limited to those genuinely fleeing persecution — though the Syrian crisis proves again that ways must also be found to protect those at risk of generalized violence.


Scholars support UN Refugee Global Compact: open letter
ESRC MEDITERRANEAN MIGRATION RESEARCH PROGRAMME RESEARCHERS

The EU is creating an ever-growing population of illegally detained refugees, including vulnerable men, women and children, who are forced to live in appalling conditions and without recourse to justice.


The EU hotspot approach at Lampedusa
GLENDA GARELLI and MARTINA TAZZIOLI

The hotspot works as a preemptive frontier, with the double goal of blocking migrants at Europe’s southern borders, and simultaneously impeding the highest number possible of refugees from claiming asylum.

Red doors made asylum seekers targets for abuse. Deliberate?
JOHN GRAYSON

Why did UK commercial contractors G4S and Jomast paint asylum seekers’ doors red? Why did they ignore complaints for years?

The law has changed

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