Robin Lloyd https://www.opendemocracy.net/taxonomy/term/19216/all cached version 16/02/2019 06:18:28 en Las mujeres y la guerra contra las drogas https://www.opendemocracy.net/democraciaabierta/robin-lloyd/las-mujeres-y-la-guerra-contra-las-drogas <div class="field field-summary"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Supervivientes y víctimas de la guerra contra las drogas viajaron desde Honduras en una caravana para la paz, la vida y la justicia para presentar su caso ante la UNGASS. <a href="https://opendemocracy.net/robin-lloyd/women-and-war-on-drugs" target="_blank"><em><strong>English</strong></em></a></p> </div> </div> </div> <p>La primera vez que fumé marihuana tenía 13 años. Me pareció más divertido que beber alcohol. Y más espiritual. Me hizo recordar el momento en que me volví cuáquera. Me ayudó a ver la luz interior de las personas. </p> <p>Lo siguiente fue darme cuenta de que no tiene ningún sentido ilegalizar una simple planta. Leyendo libros sobre el tema me enteré de un hecho sorprendente: la prohibición legal del cannabis, la coca y la adormidera se determina al más alto nivel, no por Dios, ya que al fin y al cabo se dice que Jesús usaba un extracto de cannabis para curar, sino por la <a href="https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convenci%C3%B3n_%C3%9Anica_sobre_Estupefacientes">Convención Única sobre Estupefacientes</a> de la ONU de 1961. En 1970 Richard Nixon firmó la ley que implementaba la prohibición a nivel nacional en cumplimiento de lo establecido por la Convención: la Ley General para el Control y la Prevención del Abuso de Drogas. </p> <p>Para que quede claro: la política estadounidense sobre drogas la determina una convención de las Naciones Unidas. </p> <p>Se preveía que una reconsideración potencialmente trascendental de esa Convención tendría lugar en Nueva York, del 19 al 21 de abril, durante la segunda Sesión Especial de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas sobre Drogas (UNGASS). Pero no fue así.</p> <p>Asistí a la primera Sesión, en 1998, como parte de los esfuerzos de la Liga Internacional de Mujeres por la Paz y la Libertad (LIMPAL; WILPF en inglés) para cambiar las políticas y, específicamente, para hacer valer nuestra posición de que acabar con la guerra contra las drogas es una cuestión de mujeres. ¿Por qué? Hay muchas cosas que están mal en esta guerra - su racismo, su apuesta por las soluciones militares -, pero una de las que no suele mencionarse es su impacto sobre las mujeres. </p> <p>La guerra contra las drogas consiente cierto tipo de violencia machista. En décadas anteriores, ese tipo da violencia se practicaba entre policías y ladrones, después entre cowboys e indios, y ahora entre la DEA (Administración para el Control de Drogas) y los narcotraficantes. La guerra permite a los hombres encontrar excusas para comportarse de manera violenta y para militarizar a las sociedades. Las mujeres pierden en tiempos de guerra, a pesar de lo que diga George Bush. </p> <p>¿Y qué resultados tiene criminalizar un deseo humano natural como es el de querer cambiar el estado de conciencia? Enormes cantidades de fondos ilegales que se emplean para financiar prostíbulos, casinos, el comercio de armas y los sobornos: todas ellas, actividades que no son muy seductoras para las mujeres. </p> <p>La aplicación legal de la prohibición conduce al racismo y al encarcelamiento punitivo. Del lado de la oferta, el caos causado por los gobiernos latinoamericanos que, presionados por Estados Unidos, accedieron a rociar las tierras de los agricultores para destruir plantaciones de coca - sin pedir permiso, claro - en medio de una guerra civil, ha provocado una tragedia medioambiental y un desastre político. </p> <p>Acompañé a una delegación de la LIMPAL a Colombia en 1996 y <a href="http://www.greenvalleymedia.org/">documenté nuestras reuniones</a> con las valientes pero melancólicas víctimas de la guerra: mujeres con el corazón roto porque obligaron a sus hijos a alistarse con los paramilitares para matar a los hijos de otras mujeres que se habían unido a las guerrillas. Un punto álgido de nuestra visita fue una reunión con la secretaria de la Cooperativa de Pequeños Cultivadores de Coca. Olmyra Morales llegó a nuestra reunión en un centro de derechos humanos de Bogotá con una pequeña maleta. Como si de una vendedora de Avon se tratara, sacó las lociones curativas y las infusiones elaborados con planta de la coca y nos describió sus usos benéficos. </p><p><span class='wysiwyg_imageupload image imgupl_floating_none 0'><img src="//cdn.opendemocracy.net/files/imagecache/article_xlarge/wysiwyg_imageupload/557099/asr.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache wysiwyg_imageupload 0 imagecache imagecache-article_xlarge" style="" width="460" height="471" /> <span class='image_meta'><span class='image_title'>Olmyra Morales, secretaria de la Cooperativa de Pequeños Cultivadores de Coca, Colombia.</span></span></span></p><p>Un año más tarde, la LIMPA de Estados Unidos, bajo el liderazgo de su directora ejecutiva, Marilyn Clement, consiguió una subvención de la Drug Policy Foundation para hacer una gira por Estados Unidos con mujeres supervivientes de la guerra contra las drogas, del norte y del sur. Olmyra Morales vino desde Colombia, junto a una cultivadora de coca de Bolivia y Perú y una afroamericana ex adicta a la cocaína y seropositiva, Marsha Burnett, de Montpelier, Vermont. </p> <p>En una de las etapas de la gira nos reunimos con el personal que llevaba a cabo un programa contra el abuso de drogas en Baltimore. Fue una confrontación singular, pero amable, entre mujeres que cultivaban plantas cuyos productos estaban destruyendo a las comunidades del centro urbano de Baltimore y otras que tenían que hacer frente a los efectos de esta epidemia. ¿Quién tenía la culpa? ¿Quién era el “mal”? Ese día se cambiaron percepciones. </p> <p>Al año siguiente Olmyra vino otra vez a Estados Unidos para testimoniar ante la primera UNGASS sobre Drogas en 1998, patrocinada por el Instituto Transnacional de los Países Bajos. Ella y Marsha Burnett fueron elegidas entre las participantes de la sociedad civil para dirigirse (desde la galería) a los cientos de diplomáticos que integraban el Comité Plenario de la ONU. Hablaron como víctimas de los dos lados de la guerra: la oferta y la demanda. Se agarraron las manos y, alzándolas, dijeron: “Nosotras juntas, que representamos a los dos extremos criminalizados del problema de las drogas, decimos que estamos unidas en la búsqueda de una forma de vida sostenible para nuestras comunidades…”.</p><p><span class='wysiwyg_imageupload image imgupl_floating_none 0'><img src="//cdn.opendemocracy.net/files/imagecache/article_xlarge/wysiwyg_imageupload/557099/bfg.jpg" alt="" title="" width="460" height="338" class="imagecache wysiwyg_imageupload 0 imagecache imagecache-article_xlarge" style="" /> <span class='image_meta'><span class='image_title'>Marsha Burnett, Vermont, Estados Unidos.</span></span></span></p><p>Fue muy emotivo escuchar a mujeres pobres diciendo verdades en aquellos augustos salones. ¿Pero les escuchó alguien realmente? ¿Cuál fue el resultado de la primera UNGASS? El Presidente Clinton engatusó al resto del mundo para incrementar la respuesta militar ante el consumo de drogas: el gobierno de Estados Unidos estaba dispuesto a asistir a los países latinoamericanos en la adquisición de nuevas lanchas rápidas de interceptación y facilitar préstamos a interés bajo para construir nuevas prisiones para los delincuentes (y cualquier otra persona que pudiera molestar al estado). </p> <p>Ha llovido mucho desde entonces. Pero aunque hace unos días, en Nueva York, tuvo lugar la UNGASS II en una atmósfera bastante cambiada, lamentablemente, las expectativas del Instituto Transnacional de que la UNGASS 2016 fuese una oportunidad para poner punto final a los horrores de la guerra contra las drogas y empezar a priorizar la salud, los derechos humanos y la seguridad, no llegaron a verificarse. UNGASS 2016 se pronunció a favor de una “evolución” de la guerra contra las drogas, pero no de una revolución.</p> <p>El intento de la LIMPA de contarle la verdad al poder antes de la primera UNGASS fue una iniciativa de base, de perfil bajo. Por el contrario, esta vez las supervivientes y víctimas de la guerra, del norte y del sur, viajaron como parte de una caravana mucho más amplia por la paz, la vida y la justicia, saliendo de Honduras y presentando su caso ante la ONU. Financiado por Global Exchange y con una subvención importante de la Open Society de George Soros, este movimiento para la libertad frente a la opresión de los gobiernos tendrá sin duda, un día, la oportunidad de ser finalmente un actor del cambio. </p><p><em>La traducción al español ha sido realizada por Victoria Gómez y Carmen Municio, miembros del Programa de voluntariado de DemocraciaAbierta.</em></p><p class="blockquote-new"><em>Este artículo se publica como parte de una alianza editorial entre openDemocracy y&nbsp;</em><a href="http://www.cels.org.ar/home/index.php" target="_blank"><em>CELS</em></a><em>, organización de derechos humanos argentina con una amplia agenda, incluyendo la defensa y promoción de políticas de drogas respetuosas de los derechos humanos. La alianza coincide con la Sesión Especial sobre Drogas de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas (UNGASS).</em></p><div class="field field-topics"> <div class="field-label">Topics:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Civil society </div> <div class="field-item even"> Conflict </div> <div class="field-item odd"> Culture </div> <div class="field-item even"> Democracy and government </div> <div class="field-item odd"> Economics </div> <div class="field-item even"> Equality </div> <div class="field-item odd"> Ideas </div> <div class="field-item even"> International politics </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-rights"> <div class="field-label">Rights:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> CC by NC 4.0 </div> </div> </div> DemocraciaAbierta DemocraciaAbierta Civil society Conflict Culture Democracy and government Economics Equality Ideas International politics latin america Robin Lloyd Wed, 04 May 2016 11:10:10 +0000 Robin Lloyd 101843 at https://www.opendemocracy.net Women and the War on Drugs https://www.opendemocracy.net/robin-lloyd/women-and-war-on-drugs <div class="field field-summary"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Survivors and victims of the War on Drugs are travelling from Honduras in a caravan for peace, life and justice to present their case&nbsp; to UNGASS 11 next week.<em><strong> <a href="https://opendemocracy.net/democraciaabierta/robin-lloyd/las-mujeres-y-la-guerra-contra-las-drogas" target="_blank">Español</a></strong></em></p> </div> </div> </div> <p>I first smoked marijuana when I was thirty years old. I found it to be more fun than alcohol. &nbsp;And more spiritual.&nbsp; It reminded me why I became a Quaker. It helped me see the inner light in people. </p><p>The next realization was that it was insane to make this simple plant illegal.&nbsp; In reading books on the subject I learned a surprising fact: the legal prohibition of cannabis, coca and poppy plants is determined at the highest level, not by God, since after all it is reported that Jesus used a cannabis extract in healing, but by the UN’s <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single_Convention_on_Narcotic_Drugs">Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs</a> of 1961.&nbsp; In 1970, Richard Nixon signed the legislation implementing national prohibition in compliance with the Convention: the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act.</p> <p>So just to make that clear, US drug policy is determined by a United Nations Convention. </p> <p>A potentially momentous reconsideration of that Convention will take place next week in New York City at the second United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Drugs (<a href="http://idhdp.com/en/resources/events/un-general-assembly-special-session-on-drugs-ungass-2016.aspx">UNGASS</a>).</p> <p>I attended the first UNGASS in 1998 as part of the effort by the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) to change policy and especially to assert our position that ending the war on drugs is a women’s issue. Why? There are many things wrong with this war – its racism, its reliance on military solutions - but one not frequently mentioned is its impact on women.</p> <p>The War on Drugs condones a form of macho violence. In earlier decades, that violence was played out between cops and robbers, then cowboys and Indians, and now the DEA and narco traffickers. The war allows men to find an excuse to be violent and to militarize societies. Women lose in time of war, no matter what George Bush says.&nbsp; </p> <p>And what are the results of criminalizing a natural human desire to change consciousness? A massive international slush fund of illegal money funding brothels, gun running, bribes, and casinos: all endeavors that are not much fun for women. </p> <p>The legal enforcement of prohibition leads to racism and punitive incarceration. On the supply side, the chaos caused when Latin American governments, bullied by the US, agree to spray farmers’ land to destroy coca crops – without asking their permission of course - in the middle of a civil war, has been an ongoing environmental tragedy and political disaster.</p> <p>I accompanied a WILPF delegation to Colombia in 1996 and <a href="http://www.greenvalleymedia.org/">documented our meetings </a>with the courageous but melancholy victims of the war: women heartbroken that their sons were forced to join a paramilitary group to kill other women’s sons who had joined the guerillas. A high point of our visit was a meeting with the secretary of the Small Coca Farmers Cooperative. Olmyra Morales arrived at our meeting at a human rights center in Bogota carrying a small suitcase. Like an Avon door-to-door saleswoman, she set out the healing lotions and teas made from the coca plant and described their beneficent uses. </p><p><img src="//opendemocracy.net/files/Congress CONACCP Lima 2004 01.jpg" alt="" width="460" /></p> <p><em>Olmyra Morales, secretary to the Small Coca Farmers Cooperative, Colombia</em></p><p>A year later, WILPF US, under the leadership of executive director Marilyn Clement, got a grant from the Drug Policy Foundation for a US tour of women survivors of the War on Drugs:&nbsp; North and South.&nbsp; Olmyra Morales came from Colombia, joining a coca farmer from Bolivia and Peru and an African-American former cocaine addict who was HIV positive – Marsha Burnett from Montpelier VT. </p> <p>On one of the stops on the tour we met with the staff of a anti-drug abuse programme in Baltimore.&nbsp; It was an amazing but gentle confrontation between women who grew the crops whose product was destroying the communities in the inner city of Baltimore, and those who had to deal with the effects of this epidemic. Who was to blame?&nbsp; Who was ‘evil’? New insights were gained that day. </p> <p>The next year Olmyra came back to the US to testify at the first UNGASS on Drugs in 1998, sponsored by the Transnational Institute from the Netherlands. She and Marsha Burnett were chosen from amongst civil society participants to address (from the balcony) hundreds of diplomats making up the UN Committee of the Whole. They spoke as victims of the supply and demand side of this war. They held hands aloft and said “We together, representing the two criminalized extremes of the drug problem, say that we are united in seeking a sustainable way of life for our communities…”.&nbsp; </p><p><img src="//cdn.opendemocracy.net/files/marsha.JPG" alt="" width="460 " /></p> <p><em>Marsha Burnett, Vermont US.</em></p><p>It was moving to hear poor women speaking the truth in those august halls. But did anyone really listen? What was the outcome of that first UNGASS? President Clinton cajoled the rest of the world into increasing the military response to drug use:&nbsp; the US government was happy to assist Latin American countries in acquiring high speed motor boats for interdiction and low cost loans to build prisons for drug offenders (and anyone else who offended the state).</p> <p>A lot of drugs have passed under the bridge since that time. Next week in New York, UNGASS II will take place in a much changed atmosphere.&nbsp; According to the Transnational Institute, UNGASS 2016 is an unparalleled opportunity to put an end to the horrors of the drug war and instead prioritize health, human rights, and safety.</p> <p>WILPF’s attempt to speak truth to power before UNGASS 1 was a low profile, grassroots effort. By contrast, this time, survivors and victims of this war, north and south, will be travelling as part of a much more robust <a href="http://www.globalexchange.org/programs/caravan-peace-life-and-justice">caravan</a> for peace, life and justice, starting in Honduras, to present their case to the UN.&nbsp; Sponsored by Global Exchange, with a large grant from George Soros’s Open Society, this movement for freedom from government oppression has a chance to be a game changer. </p><p>&nbsp;</p><fieldset class="fieldgroup group-sideboxs"><legend>Sideboxes</legend><div class="field field-related-stories"> <div class="field-label">Related stories:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/danny-kushlick/it-is-time-for-post-drug-war-marshall-plan">It is time for a post-drug war Marshall Plan </a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/jennifer-allsopp/women-human-rights-defenders-activisms-front-line">Women human rights defenders: activism&#039;s front-line</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/laura-carlsen/mexico-war-on-drugs-is-becoming-war-on-women">Mexico: the war on drugs is becoming a war on women</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/aisling-swaine/debating-long-and-shortterm-view-of-sexual-violence-in-war-contexts">Debating the long and the short-term view of sexual violence in war</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/lydia-alpizar-masum-momaya/redefining-security-human-rights-and-economic-justice">Redefining security: human rights and economic justice</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/drugpolicy/gabriela-kletzel-luciana-pol/unravelling-human-cost-of-global-drug-policy">Unravelling the human cost of global drug policy</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/drugpolicy/ann-fordham-martin-jelsma/will-ungass-2016-be-beginning-of-end-for-war-on-drugs">Will UNGASS 2016 be the beginning of the end for the ‘war on drugs’?</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/drugpolicy/opendemocracy/united-nations-is-supposed-to-be-negotiating-solution-to-world-drug-problem-and-it-s-n">The United Nations is supposed to be negotiating a solution to the ‘world drug problem’, and it’s not going well</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/drugpolicy/oliver-robertson/what-hope-remains-for-drug-policy-reform-at-ungass">What hope remains for drug policy reform at UNGASS?</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/drugpolicy/julia-buxton/myths-moralism-and-hypocrisy-drive-international-drug-control-system">Myths, moralism, and hypocrisy drive the international drug control system</a> </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <div class="field field-country"> <div class="field-label"> Country or region:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Colombia </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-topics"> <div class="field-label">Topics:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Conflict </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-rights"> <div class="field-label">Rights:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> CC by NC 4.0 </div> </div> </div> 50.50 50.50 Colombia Conflict 50.50 Women, Peace & Security Continuum of Violence 50.50 Editor's Pick women's movements women and power women and militarism 50.50 newsletter Robin Lloyd Wed, 13 Apr 2016 09:52:24 +0000 Robin Lloyd 101316 at https://www.opendemocracy.net Robin Lloyd https://www.opendemocracy.net/content/robin-lloyd <div class="field field-au-term"> <div class="field-label">Author:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Robin Lloyd </div> </div> </div> <p>Robin Lloyd is a filmmaker and a former board member of WILPF-US</p> Robin Lloyd Mon, 27 Apr 2015 11:41:32 +0000 Robin Lloyd 92317 at https://www.opendemocracy.net Speaking truth to power at the UN https://www.opendemocracy.net/robin-lloyd/speaking-truth-to-power-at-un <div class="field field-summary"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>"This may be the last time our voice is heard here…" excerpt from the <a href="http://www.wilpfinternational.org/">Women's International League for Peace and Freedom</a> Statement to the UN‘s Conference on Disarmament. WILPF's <a href="http://www.womenstopwar.org/conference-home/">centenary conference</a> opens today in the Hague.</p> </div> </div> </div> <p>&nbsp;"....this may be the last time our voice is heard here..."</p> <p>The UN has become a citadel of nations, ruled over by five nuclear potentates with veto power in the Security Council. Periodically the fortress is besieged by civil society organizations knocking on the door for entry, raising their banners for peace and justice. This is most observable at the meeting of the Commission on the Status of Women during the first two weeks of March. Women flood the Church Center across the street from the UN, overflowing into the Armenian Convention Center down Second Avenue, sharing issues, strategies and concerns. Members of each women’s NGO share a limited number of passes to the UN building itself.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </p> <p>This year, in a different UN body, on International Women’s Day, something unprecedented happened. It was a David and Goliath moment.&nbsp; It’s been a long time coming. The respected UN affiliated organization, the <a href="http://www.wilpfinternational.org/">Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom</a> (WILPF), took a stand in an environment that has become painfully at odds.</p><p><span class='wysiwyg_imageupload image imgupl_floating_none caption-xlarge'><a href="//cdn.opendemocracy.net/files/imagecache/wysiwyg_imageupload_lightbox_preset/wysiwyg_imageupload/557135/17389261335_e947ede1cb_z.jpg" rel="lightbox[wysiwyg_imageupload_inline]" title=""><img src="//cdn.opendemocracy.net/files/imagecache/article_xlarge/wysiwyg_imageupload/557135/17389261335_e947ede1cb_z.jpg" alt="" title="" width="460" height="307" class="imagecache wysiwyg_imageupload caption-xlarge imagecache imagecache-article_xlarge" style="" /></a> <span class='image_meta'><span class='image_title'>Art exhibition at the WILPF conference</span></span></span></p> <p>More precisely WILPF resigned from monitoring and engaging with the <a href="http://www.unog.ch/cd">Conference on Disarmament.</a> </p> <p>WILPF is proud of being the first NGO to be affiliated with the UN through the Economic and Social Council back when the UN was getting started in 1946; they see – or saw - the UN as a feminist organization dedicated to saving&nbsp; ‘succeeding generations from the scourge of war’; and they recognized it as one of the few places where small nations could have a voice. In short, they have tried for decades to engage with this body that has been hijacked since 9 /11 by corporate and nuclear powers, and finally they said enough is enough. </p> <p>For some background: &nbsp;The Conference on Disarmament (CD), made up of 65 members states, is the only body of the UN that meets annually to (in theory) negotiate disarmament treaties. Other UN bodies, such as the Disarmament Commission and the UNGA First&nbsp;Committee are only of a deliberative nature. However the latter has the&nbsp;“power” to&nbsp;adopt&nbsp;resolutions that can create a process like for the Arms Trade Treaty. &nbsp;The CD has negotiated the <a href="http://www.un.org/disarmament/WMD/Bio/">Biological Weapons Convention</a> and the <a href="https://www.opcw.org/chemical-weapons-convention/">Chemical Weapons Convention</a>. But since 1996, it has not negotiated any treaties, or even agreed on which treaty to next negotiate, and it has put roadblocks in the way of any substantive conversation with civil society. These roadblocks, termed indignities in the <a href="http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/resources/statements/9559-wilpf-statement-to-the-conference-on-disarmament-on-international-women-s-day-2015">statement</a> issued by <a href="http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/about-us/who-we-are">Reaching Critical Will</a> (RCW), are not experienced at the other disarmament forums mentioned above. </p> <p>For the last few years, WILPF has been permitted to deliver a statement to the Conference on Disarmament to mark International Women’s Day. This is the only time of year that any voice from civil society is allowed inside the conference chamber. </p> <p>According to Mia Gandenberger, staff person at RCW, who delivered the statement this year, “We made a point of starting every statement with ‘We, women from many parts the world,’ which was then read out by the (male,&nbsp;middle-aged) President of the Conference.&nbsp; In 2010 finally one of our representatives was&nbsp;allowed in the room to deliver the statement.” </p> <p>The statement she delivered this year stated “… this may be the last time our voice is heard here…This is a body that has firmly established that it operates in a vacuum. That it is disconnected from the outside world. That it has lost perspective of the bigger picture of human suffering and global injustice. Maintaining the structures that reinforce deadlock has become more important than fulfilling the objective for which it was created—negotiating disarmament treaties.</p> <p>We can no longer invest effort into such a body. Instead we will continue our work elsewhere. There is much work to be done….” </p> <p>Indeed. WILPF is celebrating its <a href="http://www.womenstopwar.org/conference-home/">100th anniversary</a> this week in the Hague.&nbsp;</p><p>WILPF was founded in 1915 at a conference at the Hague dedicated to stopping World War 1, by women who were global activists even before they had the vote. Before any super-national organizations such as the League of Nations or the UN existed, they used grassroots diplomacy to reach the men in charge: travelling from belligerent to neutral governments and knocking on the doors of power.&nbsp; </p><p>WILPF is still knocking on doors.&nbsp; Despite a UN resolution SCR 1325 that mandates women’s role at the table when peace settlements are negotiated, Syrian women - the latest example -&nbsp; were denied a seat at the failed talks in 2013. </p> <p>Women are frustrated and impatient at watching wars metastasize around the planet, watching the elements of the sacred earth mined and melted into bullets and missiles. </p> <p>Nearly a thousand women have brought their energy together here in the Hague at WILPF’s 100th <a href="http://www.womenstopwar.org/conference-home/">anniversary conference on Women's Power to&nbsp; Stop War</a>. (April 27 to 29). </p> <p>Women from the USA, which is the largest exporter of bullets and missiles in the world, are meeting together with women from the front lines of violence, women living in communities that have been decimated by war and rape and dislocation. A source of inspiration at the conference will be the new <a href="http://www.wilpfinternational.org/">Manifesto</a>, the result of three years work by women from the 30 WILPF country sections from around the world: </p> <p><em>We are renewing WILPF’s commitment to eradicating war by addressing its root causes.&nbsp; Among them we identify:</em> </p> <p><em>Militarism as a way of thought, and the militarization of societies, such that perceived –threats are likely to be met with weaponry rather than words;</em> </p> <p><em>The capitalist economic system, involving the exploitation of the labor and resources of the many by the few, wantonly harming people and the environment, generating conglomerates of global reach and unaccountable power;</em></p> <p><em>The nation-state system as it is today, involving dominant states, imperialist projects, inter-state rivalry, contested borders, and inside those borders, all too often, failure of democracy, resulting in political repression and intolerance of diversity;</em> </p> <p><em>Social systems of racist supremacy, cultural domination and religious hierarchy;</em></p> <p><em>Patriarchy, the subordination of women by men, in state, community and family, perpetuated by the social shaping of men and women into contrasted, unequal and limiting gender identities, favoring violent masculinities and compliant femininities.</em></p> <p><em>We understand these as intersected and mutually reinforcing systems of power, all founded on violence and together productive of war.</em> </p> <p>I encourage you to read the Manifesto. It ends with this &nbsp;challenge to the next generation: </p> <p><em>Violence is not inevitable. It is a choice.</em></p> <p><em>We will implement peace, which we believe to be a human right. <br /></em></p> <p><em><strong>WILPF's &nbsp;<a href="http://www.wilpfinternational.org/">centenary conference</a> on 'Women's Power to Stop War' opens today in the Hague. Read more articles in </strong></em><em><strong><a href="https://opendemocracy.net/5050"><em>openDemocracy 50.50's</em></a></strong></em><em><strong> series <a href="https://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/women%27s-power-to-stop-war">Women's Power to Stop War.&nbsp;</a> Jennifer Allsopp and Marion Bowman are reporting live from the conference for 50.50.</strong></em></p><fieldset class="fieldgroup group-sideboxs"><legend>Sideboxes</legend><div class="field field-related-stories"> <div class="field-label">Related stories:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/marion-bowman/creating-peace-manifesto-for-21st-century">Creating peace: a manifesto for the 21st century</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/madeleine-rees/this-is-what-feminist-foreign-policy-looks-like">This is what a feminist foreign policy looks like</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/cynthia-cockburn/womens-power-to-stop-war-hubris-or-hope">Women&#039;s power to stop war: Hubris or hope?</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/marion-bowman/violence-is-not-inevitable-it-is-choice">Violence is not inevitable: It is a choice</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/jacqui-true/why-we-need-feminist-foreign-policy-to-stop-war">Why we need a feminist foreign policy to stop war</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/leymah-gbowee/child-soldiers-child-wives-wounded-for-life">Child soldiers, child wives: wounded for life</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/scilla-elworthy/is-it-time-for-worldwide-strategy-for-building-of-peace">Is it time for a worldwide strategy for the building of peace?</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/cora-weiss/we-must-not-make-war-safe-for-women">We must not make war safe for women</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/shelley-anderson/vital-peace-constituencies">Vital peace constituencies</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/rebecca-johnson/alternative-history-of-peacemaking-century-of-disarmament-efforts">An alternative history of peacemaking: a century of disarmament efforts </a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/cynthia-cockburn/what-kind-of-feminism-does-war-provoke">What kind of feminism does war provoke?</a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/amina-mama/challenging-militarized-masculinities">Challenging militarized masculinities</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/rebecca-johnson/feminist-peacebuilding-courageous-intelligence">Feminist peacebuilding - a courageous intelligence </a> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <a href="/5050/isabel-hilton/peacework-lessons-we-have-failed-to-learn">Peacework: lessons we have failed to learn</a> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/5050/scilla-elworthy/feast-with-your-enemies-dekha-ibrahim-abdi">&quot;Feast with your enemies&quot; - Dekha Ibrahim Abdi</a> </div> </div> </div> </fieldset> <div class="field field-topics"> <div class="field-label">Topics:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> Civil society </div> <div class="field-item even"> Conflict </div> <div class="field-item odd"> Equality </div> </div> </div> 50.50 50.50 Civil society Conflict Equality Women's Power to Stop War 50.50 Women, Peace & Security 50.50 Women's Movement Building 50.50 Contesting Patriarchy 50.50 Editor's Pick women's movements women's human rights women and power women and militarism violence against women patriarchy gender feminism 50.50 newsletter Robin Lloyd Mon, 27 Apr 2015 11:35:37 +0000 Robin Lloyd 92316 at https://www.opendemocracy.net