- oD 50.50
The Armenian genocide
No to TTIP
The combative Islamist leadership of the Lal Masjid compound in Islamabad have provoked a dispute that highlights the major faultlines of Pakistani politics. These are desperate times for Pervez Musharraf, says Irfan Husain.
The kidnapping of the BBC journalist Alan Johnston on 12 March 2007 is closely tied to the security situation in the Palestinian territory, says his friend Eóin Murray.
Today, Monday 23 April 2007, marks the sixth week of captivity for BBC journalist Alan Johnston. Over the course of those six weeks some extraordinary events have taken place. In particular, as one BBC colleague of his remarked, Alan has become part of the news instead of reporting it.
Saudi Arabia's new diplomatic activism is a challenge to American plans in the region, says Tareq Y Ismael.
The political awakening of Israels large and growing Arab minority is a challenge to the countrys very self-definition, says Laurence Louër.
The failure of the United States surge will be significant for its domestic politics, but devastating for Iraqi citizens.
Across four years when the security situation in Iraq has consistently deteriorated, there have been many occasions when United States political leaders have insisted that the country had reached a turning-point and that circumstances would soon improve.
Serbian views about the prospect of independence for the territory it lost in 1999 are more complex than they often appear, finds Vicken Cheterian in Belgrade.
The deep and enduring split between Islam's two great sects cannot be healed in a climate of Muslim and Arab denial, says Hazem Saghieh.
Robert G Rabil's book reveals a Syria-United States relationship more changeable and nuanced than post-9/11 rhetoric indicates, says Carsten Wieland.
The United Statess global military strategy serves a control paradigm. What the world needs is sustainable security.
The United States military surge in Iraq continues to gather pace. As it does so, three problems faced by the new strategy are becoming clear (see "Al-Qaida's fresh horizon", 5 April 2007).
Amidst the talk about militant Islam's holy war against the west, Europe's phobia of homegrown Islamism, and academic theorisation of the eminent clash between the liberal west and the fundamentalist Islamic world, the west is slowly but steadily losing its main ally in the Arab and Islamic worlds - liberal Arabs and Muslims.
Most liberal Arabs, like most Arabs of all intellectual standpoints, don't savour the fact that foreign forces - predominantly western powers - occupy parts of their lands, have significant influence over their economic interests, and preach them about progress and socio-economic development. But the view of the liberal Arab or Muslim differs from that of his/her local cousin in a key respect: the deep belief that the post-renaissance value system of the west - based upon social liberalism and the sanctity of individualism, freedom, and free choice - is inherently superior to the value system propagated by the three socio-political systems currently dominating the Arab and Islamic worlds: dogmatic theocracy, patriarchal absolutism, and tribal traditionalism.
The evolving nature of al-Qaida must be understood as the seventh year of the "war on terror" approaches.
2 April 2007 marked the twenty-fifth anniversary of the beginning of the Falklands/Malvinas conflict. With the exception of 3,000 Falkland Islanders, 40 million Argentines and some thousands of Britons, arguably the rest of the world continues to be bemused by the whole issue. What is it exactly that we are remembering this week and for the duration of the seventy-four-day war: a tragic and unnecessary conflict, the justified redemption of national territory, a violation of international law by an illegitimate government, the cleansing of a "dirty war" by a "just war"?
The suspension on 9 March 2007 of the chief justice of Pakistan's supreme court, Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry for alleged misuse of power in challenging government actions has backfired on the country's president, Pervez Musharraf. A striking feature of the wave of protest against the decision - whose latest manifestation is a mass demonstration in Islamabad in support of Chaudhry outside the supreme-court building on 3 April - is the prominent role taken by Pakistan's lawyers.
Argentinas democracy and commitment to global peace are the most important legacies of the Falklands war, argues Justin Vogler.
For someone born after the Beatles split up, I have surprisingly clear memories of the Falklands/Malvinas war, which started on 2 April 1982 when Argentina's military dictator Leopoldo Galtieri seized the islands, and ended seventy-four days later with the humiliating surrender of the Argentinean forces.
The story of how Argentineans have responded to defeat in the Malvinas/Falklands war of 1982 contains a quarter-century of contradictions, says Ivan Briscoe.
The great Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges, who had been raised to admire gauchos and English gentlemen in equal measure, was gravely aggrieved by the sight of his two favourite nations at war in the south Atlantic. "Two bald men fighting over a comb", was his bitter putdown.
In 1982, Anthony Barnett argued that Britain's decision to wage war with Argentina in the south Atlantic was triggered by its deep political culture. Twenty-five years on, he looks afresh at the entrails.
The most zealous advocates of the latest United States strategy in Iraq cannot contemplate its failure.
The European Union could play a major role in reinvigorating the Palestine-Israel peace process by aiding Palestine. But it needs to be done intelligently and with care, says Richard Youngs
The Arab League summit of 28-29 March in Saudi Arabia's capital should build on and go beyond earlier efforts towards peace with Israel, says Yossi Alpher.
The gathering in Riyadh represents a confluence of interests behind a regional solution to the Iraqi and Palestinian-Israeli conflicts, says Ghassan Khatib.
The blindness of the Bush administration is a key weapon in the al-Qaida networks armoury
Whatever official narratives and recovery plans say, the real experience of Iraqis since 2003 is a collapse of livelihoods under war and occupation, says Zaid Al-Ali.
The slaughter of fifty-five policemen in an encampment of seventy-nine at Rani Bodli in the heavily forested Dantewada district (8,362 square kilometers of forest in a total area of 10,239 square kilometres) of Chhattisgarh state, on 15 March 2007, has once again focused sharp national and international attention on the growing but little understood Maoist threat in India.
Pervez Musharraf's beleaguered government has begun a desperate attempt to defuse the crisis that the president himself precipitated on 9 March 2007 by suspending the chief justice of the supreme court, Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry. Around him is a country in uproar over this peremptory use of executive power, with lawyers and opposition activists and leaders battling the police outside courts in Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi.
Three concerns oil, China and the war on terror are pushing the United States toward greater involvement in Africa.
The United States's planned defence spending reveals both its military ambition and its fear of losing control of an unruly world.
The Saudi-mediated pact between Fatah and Hamas marks the return of Palestine as an arena for regional rivalry, says Khaled Hroub.
In the month since the agreement in Mecca, after the summit of 6-8 February 2007 which broke the bloody deadlock between Fatah and Hamas, the implications for Palestine and the region have become increasingly apparent.
The International Court of Justice ruling on Bosnia's case against Serbia must be considered in strict legal rather than wider political or moral terms, says Anthony Dworkin.
The tensions among Nato member-states over military strategy in Afghanistan complicate the struggle against a reviving Taliban.
The world court's decision to clear Serbia of genocide in Bosnia is an exercise in denial, says Martin Shaw.
Mai Ghoussoub, the founder and joint proprietor of Al Saqi Bookshop and the publishing company linked to it, has died suddenly at the age of 54. Her death is cruel, completely unexpected and still inexplicable. Much more than a bookshop owner and publisher, she was one of the most open, generous, and tolerant people in the cultural life of London over the past thirty years.
Her own work as a sculptor grew in stature with each passing year, and her literary contributions to debate over the middle east were highly personal, urgent pleas for a culture of democratic reconciliation of differences - for a move beyond the cycle of revenge and grievance in which Arab (and Israeli) politics is stuck. Quite apart from her own creative work, she was a kind and encouraging friend to writers, artists, and young people finding their way intellectually and politically. Her instinct, the opposite of the coldly exclusionary reflex of English literary London, was to draw people in, to assume the best of them and to help them by introducing them to writers or academics who might stimulate them. Her death leaves a raw wound for many of us that will take a long time to heal.
The proposed British evacuation of Iraq prefigures the failure of the United States-led project in the country.
The only way to halt the series of terrorist attacks on Indian targets is to understand where they are coming from and act accordingly, says Ajai Sahni.
Another "mindless" attack has been executed by terrorists on a civilian target, leaving sixty-eight dead on 19 February 2007 in the Delhi-Attari special train that links up with the Samjhauta (Understanding) Express, to Lahore - a crucial symbolic link between the subcontinent's divided people.
The loss of the Lebanese artist and publisher leaves her friends and colleagues bereft. Maggie Gee, Anna Wilson and Anthony Barnett pay tribute to Mai Ghoussoub.