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This week's editor

Ray Filar

Ray Filar is co-editor of Transformation and a freelance journalist.

Constitutional conventions: best practice

The asymmetry of economic war

The targeting of western business interests is becoming a potent weapon in the militant armoury

The quiet revolution: energy futures in Iran, the Gulf, and Israel

A transformation in energy policy will reshape the middle east's profile as a region defined by oil, says James Howarth.

What kind of country?

The lesson of the July 2005 terror attacks is that Britain must become either secular or multicultural – and choosing the latter means setting up a Muslim parliament, says David Hayes.

(This article was first published on 28 July 2005)

Serbia chooses a future, just

Boris Tadic’s re-election as president opens a time of even greater test for democracy in Serbia, says Eric Gordy.

Europe’s Afghan test

Afghanistan's hope of progress and security is withering. Europe must lead a new coordinated new strategy before it is too late, says Daniel Korski.

Europe's Afghan test

Afghanistan's hope of progress and security is withering. Europe must lead a new coordinated new strategy before it is too late, says Daniel Korski. 

Serbia’s presidential election: the best-laid plans...

Serbia's inconclusive first-round was less about Kosovo and more about the dynamics of its party system and the calculations of its prime minister, says Eric Gordy.

Nasser's complex legacy

Gamal Abdel Nasser, an Egyptian and Arab hero in the middle years of the 20th century, was born on 15 January 1918. Tarek Osman examines a protean figure who resists the easy interpretation of celebrants and enemies alike.

Kosovo: the hour of Europe

Kosovo's imminent independence highlights the problem of the European Union's enlargement policy in the western Balkans, says John O'Brennan.

Deaths in Iraq: the numbers game, revisited

The question of how many Iraqis have died since 2003 has been reopened. In answering it, it is vital to clarify the criteria in making a scientific assessment, says Michel Thieren.

Pakistan: a post-election scenario

The prospects both of electoral advance and internal schism reveal Benazir Bhutto's mixed legacy to her party, says Irfan Husain.

Mikheil Saakashvili’s bitter victory

Georgia's combative president is presenting a conciliatory face after his disputed election victory. Mikheil Saakashvili's stance presents the opposition with a tough choice, says Robert Parsons.

Deaths in Iraq: how many, and why it matters

How many civilians have died in Iraq? Iraq Body Count and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health give widely different answers. Michel Thieren examines what is at stake in their contrasting approaches and estimates.

(This article was first published on 18 October 2006)

Pakistan: dynasty vs democracy

The reaction to Benazir Bhutto's death in Pakistan - and the selection of her student son to lead her party - reveal the depth of the country's crisis, says Maruf Khwaja.

The Balkans-Caucasus tangle: states and citizens

The risks of instability in 2008 in a range of lands between Bosnia and Georgia require a new focus from Europe, says Mary Kaldor.

The Pakistan-Afghanistan abyss

The killing of Benazir Bhutto makes the United States's predicament in an already critical region even tougher.

Georgia's race to the summit

A hyperactive president and a febrile opposition leave Georgians with a tough electoral choice, reports Robert Parsons in Tbilisi.

A century on the edge: 1945-2045

The era of nuclear weapons and of global climate change poses dangers to human existence which must be addressed in coming decades.

The assassin’s age: Pakistan in the world

Benazir Bhutto’s political life and death belong to a wider pattern of destabilising assaults on figures of power, says Fred Halliday.

Pakistan after Benazir Bhutto

The assassination of Pakistan's opposition leader reveals the truth of the country's "transition to democracy", says Ayesha Siddiqa.

Benazir Bhutto: the politics of murder

The killing of the Pakistan People's Party leader upsets but does not halt the country's political bandwagon, reports Irfan Husain.

What went wrong?

The failure of the United States's global policy since 9/11 can be measured in the chasm between the dreams of 2001 and the reality of 2007.

Crisis and reform: a turnaround in Bosnia?

An unexpected compromise has ended a period of instability in Bosnian politics. But the underlying problems that caused the turmoil are far from overcome, says Peter Lippman.

The resurgence of the neo-Taliban

A potent mix of ideology, ethnicity, strategy and social discontent fuels intensifying insurgency in Afghanistan, says Antonio Giustozzi.

Iraq’s danger signals

The narrative of progress in the "war on terror" is belied by immediate events and longer-term trends in Iraq, Afghanistan and Algeria.

Kosovo’s Serbs in suspension

The deadline for deciding Kosovo's final constitutional status on 10 December 2007 arrives with the territory's Serb minority deeply uncertain over its future, reports Ginanne Brownell.

Pakistan: the election and after

An accelerating election momentum only highlights Pakistan's unresolved political problems, reports Irfan Husain.

Kosovo’s troubled victory

The imminent independence of the disputed territory will not dissolve the tensions that have marked its recent history, says Juan Garrigues.

Britain’s defence: all at sea

There is an argument over the size of Britain's military budget. The real issue is its purpose.

India: states of insecurity

A fresh bombing wave in Uttar Pradesh and land-confrontation in West Bengal expose the Indian polity's security failures, says Ajai Sahni.

Annapolis: a view from Amman

On the eve of the Annapolis conference in the United States, Prince Hassan of Jordan proposes the key outlines of the Israeli-Palestinian and regional peace to which it should aspire.

Pakistan: a question of legitimacy

Pervez Musharraf's plan is working but the opposition to his rule will not be subdued, reports Irfan Husain.

Annapolis, or the absurdity of postmodern politics

The middle-east conference in the United States is a charade without political substance which Palestinians can and should expose, says Khaled Hroub.

Pakistan: prospects and perils

What's in store for Pakistan? Anatol Lieven forecasts. Listen now

Lahore: urban space, niche repression

Pakistan's arc of protest leaves its most historic and political city unmoved, finds Saskia Sassen.

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