The Right to Protest
A partnership project examining the power of protest
This week, 4–8 December 2017, we are publishing our second wave of content for our Right to Protest partnership project. Every day this week we’ll be publishing new content as part of the project.
Today, Lesley J. Wood looks at the increasing militarisation of protest policing in North America; researchers from Dejusticia in Colombia look at how the right to protest was a fundamental element of the 2017 Colombia Peace Agreement, but that this and other sections of the Agreement are still to be implemented; while our video interview with Vera Jarach, one of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo, highlights the mothers search for memory, truth and justice in Argentina.
Public mobilisations, social protest and human rights are intertwined. Firstly because people generally take to the streets to reject state violence and protest against violations of their rights: to land, to food, to work, to housing, to religious freedom, and so on. Secondly, the act of protest itself entails exercising rights, such as to freedom of expression and the rights of assembly, petition and dissent. Democracies are enriched by protests because of their expressive nature, but also their deliberative and confrontational tone.
A third and final reason is because state intervention in public mobilisations often ends up violating the rights to integrity, health and – in the most extreme cases – to life. Demonstrators also risk their liberty since they may be arbitrarily detained or subject to criminal proceedings for behavior directly related to protesting. The extent to which governments threaten – or protect – the rights of demonstrators reveals the democratic or authoritarian nature of state response.
The aims of the project
Given these factors, social protests are a privileged scenario for the intervention of national human rights organisations. CELS (Center for Legal and Social Studies) and INCLO (International Network of Civil Liberties Organizations) have engaged in this editorial partnership with openDemocracy – with support from the ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) – to forge a common space for exploring the many links between human rights and social protest, with expert, academic and activist contributors.
Our aim is to bring together voices that don’t often interact, either because they belong to different fields of work or intervention, or due to geographical distances and/or the segmentation of debates in the global north and south. Or simply because the ideas are not translated into other languages.
For all these reasons, we hope the partnership will serve as a shared platform to present and exchange ideas among a heterogeneous group of actors from different parts of the world. The six-month project will address topics arising in the Americas and other regions, including the use of crowd control weapons, the Black Lives Matter movement, protests by women and students, rural conflicts, and the impact of digital surveillance.