We are a global community of scholars from a range of disciplinary and geographic perspectives. We are concerned about the refugee crisis that is presently unfolding in the wider Mediterranean region, and distressed by the inadequacy of official responses thus far.
We face two urgent moral tasks: (1) to ensure the safety and well-being of those who have been forced to move; and (2) to address the systemic problems that are forcing people to migrate in the first place, so that migration will always be a choice and not a necessity. The first is most immediate, but ultimately the second is most important.
The global community’s long-term aim should be to address the patterns of violence, poverty, and uneven development that force people to leave their homes. Context matters. We must recognize that these patterns are features of an international system – of geopolitical maneuvering, resource extraction, trade and finance – largely designed by a small number of rich countries that derive great material advantage from it. It is crucial to protect the victims of this system and to work for its reform. This includes working to end resource wars, stemming illicit flows of capital out of developing countries, making trade regimes fairer, respecting national sovereignty, and responding to climate change.
A family of Afghan asylum seekers wait to be registered by police on the island of Lesvos. Photo: UNHCR / G. Moutafis
The present crisis offers a monumental opportunity to turn tragedy into a positive global legacy. It was out of the chaos and mass displacement of the early 20th century that, as a global community, we created the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Refugee Convention with its Protocol, and a variety of structures to ensure peace, security and justice for all. Yet today, with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees estimating that the number of displaced people worldwide is at an all-time high, those structures are being tested.
Now is the moment to re-assert our global commitment to peace, security and justice. This is a collective and ongoing endeavour that goes beyond the narrow territorial concerns reflected in the focus on border control. As an international community, we must find new ways to work together.
At the same time, we must uphold more immediate responsibilities. The responses of citizens and communities globally to the current mass movement have far outstripped in human compassion the responses of most governments. We call upon all governments, including European and Gulf States, but also those further afield, to offer sanctuary to those who need it. This includes swift access to humanitarian protection (including support to those crossing the Mediterranean); opportunities for work and livelihood; and the registration of children born to displaced families. We urge national and international bodies to prioritise additional funding for refugees (that does not deplete existing aid or climate change commitments); and to ensure that efforts to ‘fight trafficking’ do not become an attempt to prevent migration.
Closing borders to stop people moving is not a solution. In fact, blocking individuals at points along their journey pushes them to find new migration strategies – which only makes their situation more precarious.
We need a political commitment from regional and international entities to work together. For example, we urge European states to redouble efforts to build a genuinely humanitarian European-wide response, and to provide resources and mandate to EU institutions to coordinate a truly effective response: to both protect those migrating today and to stop the likelihood of such movement in the future. A global response that addresses the systemic drivers of mass displacement (including conflict, uneven development, generalised violence and persecution of minorities) has the potential to create a positive global legacy in response to the biggest migration challenge of the twenty-first century.
We invite you to sign on to the letter here, calling for a global response to the refugee crisis, that respects the rights of displaced people and confronts the root causes of displacement, including violence, poverty, inequality, and persecution.
This letter has been signed by the ASAP Global Board, the heads of chapters/associate chapters in Austria, Canada, Chile, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Oceania, Portugal, Romania, Spain, United Kingdom and West Africa, and the members of the ASAP Global Colleagues Programme. Signatories include:
Thomas Pogge, Director of the Global Justice Program and Leitner Professor of Philosophy, Yale University, USA
Tendayi Bloom, Global Justice Program Fellow, Yale University, USA
Cat Tully, Strategy & Security Insitute, Exeter University, United Kingdom
Katie Tonkiss, Lecturer in Sociology and Policy, Aston University, United Kingdom
Feargal Cochrane, Director of the Conflict Analysis Research Centre, University of Kent, United Kingdom
Jeremie Nare, Chargé de Programmes, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Mitu Sengupta, Associate Professor of Politics, Ryerson University, Canada
David Álvarez, Sociology Department Faculty, Universidade of Vigo, Spain
Mladjo Ivanovic and Dr. Anna Malavisi, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, USA
Keith Horton, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Wollongong, Australia
Gabriel Amitsis, Associate Professor of Social Security Law, Technological Educational Insitute of Athens, Greece
Robert Lepenies, Post-Doctoral Fellow, European University Institute, Italy
Luis Cabrera, Associate Professor at the School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University, Australia
Ashok Acharya, Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Delhi, India
Paula Casal, Professor at Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain
Jason Hickel, Postdoctoral fellow in Anthropology at the London School of Economics, United Kingdom
Keith Horton, Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Wollongong, Australia
Helen Yanacopulos, Senior Lecturer in International Politics and Development, The Open University, United Kingdom
Mitu Sengupta, Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and Public Administration at Ryerson University in Toronto and Global Coordinator at the Centre for Development and Human Rights in Delhi, India.
Zorka Millin, Senior legal advisor for Global Witness, USA
Matthew Lindauer, Postdoctoral Fellow at the Australian National University, Australia
Ellen Szarleta, Director of the Center for Urban and Regional Excellence and Associate Professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University Northwest, USA
Henning Hahn, Academics Stand Against Poverty, Germany
Diane Velica, Academics Stand Against Poverty, Romania
Nicole Selame, Academics Stand Against Poverty, Chile
Oluwaseun Olanrewaju, Doctoral Candidate, Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Switzerland.
Nita Mishra, Doctoral Candidate, University College Cork, Ireland
The full list of signatories and versions of this letter in French, German and Spanish will be available here