Why do we have doubts about the IMF loan?

Egyptian diplomacy could adopt a distinguished role in the coming period, by opening new doors and adopting new strategies in building foreign relations.

Nader Bakkar
4 March 2013

At a critical stage such as this, during which Egypt is rearranging and resetting its priorities and strategies, it is of great importance to remember that the foundations of proper economic and political management require an integrated vision. This vision must precede both micro-level steps and an outline for the main strategic goals of a country, before starting tactical projects. This specifically is the main problem intensifying Egypt’s hesitancy in accepting (or rejecting) the IMF’s credit facility.  The step of taking a loan might be viable, however I am more concerned about avoiding moving forward with a flawed vision or with a complete lack of vision.

In fact, it is this strategic uncertainty that throws into stark relief the lack of necessary information, or transparency, regarding the conditionality of the loan and its economic and political consequences. This is compounded by the fact that the government has not yet disclosed the country's economic situation fully and accurately, including the volume of its foreign reserves, the budget deficit, etc.

In my opinion, transparency about the reasons for accepting the loan and its conditionality are the two main prerequisites for formulating an initial proposal, particularly when looking at the Malaysian example, where a severe related crisis in the late nineties almost ravaged the country.

At that time, in an unprecedented move, Malaysia rejected an IMF loan. It is not necessary to go into the reasons the IMF loan was rejected, as that has been done by many before me. However, what caught my attention was the Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammed’s decision to establish a national council, comprised of investors, businessmen and economists with different ideologies. The council held long daily session for two years until they were able to emerge from the crisis. This highlights the fact that critical decisions affecting the future of a country, politically and economically, cannot be monopolized by one person's point of view, regardless of his/her proficiency.

My suggestion, which is quite similar to this idea, is to launch workshops in which Egypt’s economic experts from all schools of thought, be it Islamic, capitalist or socialist, both at home and abroad, can participate. Through these workshops, they can collect all the varied yet valuable ideas they can get their hands on, creating a pool of innovative solutions that break away from a pattern of a narrow formulaic vision for solving the liquidity and financing crises that we face. At the very least, this process will help to form an integrated vision that helps policy makers in the decision making process, rather than insisting that there is no other alternative for this or that step.

Talk about change in IMF policies after the disastrous international financial crisis in 2008 cannot be guaranteed, since the main rule that cannot be changed is the burden of the loans, either in the form of financial commitment or in the form of restricting political decision-making, the latter being by far the more serious knock-on effect. Additionally, our current situation does not allow us to bet on the goodwill of others.

The approval of the World Bank loan will have a positive impact on raising Egypt’s credit rating, which will result in more international confidence in the economy and hence attract more investments. However, why is this the only approach being considered? This is an another example of stereotypical thinking which could be guarded against, with Egyptian diplomacy adopting a distinguished role in the coming period, by opening new doors and adopting new strategies in building foreign relations.

For instance, Middle East Rating and Investors Service chairman, Amr Hassanein told Egyptian daily Al-Ahram, after President's Morsi visit to China: "International credit rating agencies monitor the movements of the presidents and what they do in terms of signing agreements that attract real investments, and President Morsi’s visit to China sends a strong message to the world that the new Egyptian regime is trying to enhance its relations with global economic powers, away from any ideologies."

Can there be a green populist project on the Left?

Many on the Left want to return to a politics based on class, not populism. They point to Left populist parties not reaching their goals. But Chantal Mouffe argues that as the COVID-19 pandemic has put the need for protection from harm at the top of the agenda, a Left populist strategy is now more relevant than ever.

Is this an opportunity for a realignment around a green democratic transformation?

Join us for a free live discussion on Thursday 22 October, 5pm UK time/12pm EDT.

Hear from:

Paolo Gerbaudo Sociologist and political theorist, director of the Centre for Digital Culture at King’s College London and author of ‘The Mask and the Flag: Populism and Global Protest’ and ‘The Digital Party: Political Organisation and Online Democracy’, and of the forthcoming ‘The Great Recoil: Politics After Populism and Pandemic’.

Chantal Mouffe Emeritus Professor of Political Theory at the University of Westminster in London. Her most recent books are ‘Agonistics. Thinking the World Politically’, ‘Podemos. In the Name of the People’ and ‘For a Left Populism’.

Spyros A. Sofos Researcher and research coordinator at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University and author of ‘Nation and Identity in Contemporary Europe’, ‘Tormented by History’ and ‘Islam in Europe: Public Spaces and Civic Networks'.

Chair: Walid el Houri Researcher, journalist and filmmaker based between Berlin and Beirut. He is partnerships editor at openDemocracy and lead editor of its North Africa, West Asia project.

Had enough of ‘alternative facts’? openDemocracy is different Join the conversation: get our weekly email


We encourage anyone to comment, please consult the oD commenting guidelines if you have any questions.
Audio available Bookmark Check Language Close Comments Download Facebook Link Email Newsletter Newsletter Play Print Share Twitter Youtube Search Instagram WhatsApp yourData