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Oliver P Richmond
26 April 2011

After the Millennium Development goals were reached, on paper at least, in 2035 it became clear that the old notion of liberal peace left much to be desired. Policy-makers, through their experience in lengthy, and often rocky, peace processes began to realise that peace came in multiple forms that required a wide range of issues be addressed - fuller representation, broader rights and identities, human needs and security, more responsive institutions - that would reflect the diverse communities that entered into them.

By 2050 it was widely accepted that democracy, justice, legitimacy, and peace were plural - local, transnational and generational - rather than merely western/northern. As a result, peace processes became more attractive to their protagonists and the international architecture of peace began to localise and democratise: there was no alternative and resistance to such transformation was futile.

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Author: Oliver P Richmond

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