Territorial map of the world

Today, we are beginning to envision the world as a continuous space where the movement of people and information overrides geographical and political barriers.

Rafi Segal Yonatan Cohen
7 October 2013

This political map of the world depicts the extent of territories, both on land and at sea (submerged lands), which are under the control of all independent nations. The map incorporates Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ), which are sea zones whose resources belong to their coastal-lying nations. International law defines these zones as lying within a 200 nautical miles geometrical offsetting of the coast seawards, and, where these geometrical boundaries prove ambiguous, through international treaties.[1]     

Throughout the development of sea voyage and charting technology, coastlines, historically mapped as linear entities dividing land from water, became one of the first geographical features to be accurately represented in maps, thus becoming a common datum for exploration. However, the past century has brought a profound change in the way we understand and measure the world. The rudimentary divide of water and land, a cultural and psychological divide as well as an obsolete mapping artifact, has become irrelevant both to current political and economic concepts of space, and in light of more recent national sovereign claims over sea zones. Today, we envision the world to a greater extent as a continuous space where the movement of people and information overrides geographical and political barriers. Furthermore, technological advancements have enabled us to approach the waters as a territory of potentialities:  for the production of wild and cultivated food; for mineral extractions, natural gas and fossil fuels; and for the future harvesting of energy.  

This new map of the world’s division of resources can as well be viewed as a division of environmental responsibilities.  The exponential increase in maritime activity and water pollution demands more control and supervision over the use of sea zones. In support of our shared goal for a well-maintained planet, this map can become a tool for negotiating the boundaries of our sustainable seas.  


Click to see larger image.


Click to see larger image.


Click to see larger image.


Click to see larger image.

[1] The geometrical offsetting used in this map was based on the maritime boundaries depicted in the Flanders Marine Institute which appear in http://www.marineregions.org/eez.php.  It should be emphasized that this map is not to be taken as the endorsement of one claim over another.  

Stop the secrecy: Publish the NHS COVID data deals

To: Matt Hancock, Secretary of State for Health and Social Care

We’re calling on you to immediately release details of the secret NHS data deals struck with private companies, to deliver the NHS COVID-19 datastore.

We, the public, deserve to know exactly how our personal information has been traded in this ‘unprecedented’ deal with US tech giants like Google, and firms linked to Donald Trump (Palantir) and Vote Leave (Faculty AI).

The COVID-19 datastore will hold private, personal information about every single one of us who relies on the NHS. We don’t want our personal data falling into the wrong hands.

And we don’t want private companies – many with poor reputations for protecting privacy – using it for their own commercial purposes, or to undermine the NHS.

The datastore could be an important tool in tackling the pandemic. But for it to be a success, the public has to be able to trust it.

Today, we urgently call on you to publish all the data-sharing agreements, data-impact assessments, and details of how the private companies stand to profit from their involvement.

The NHS is a precious public institution. Any involvement from private companies should be open to public scrutiny and debate. We need more transparency during this pandemic – not less.

By adding my name to this campaign, I authorise openDemocracy and Foxglove to keep me updated about their important work.

Had enough of ‘alternative facts’? openDemocracy is different Join the conversation: get our weekly email


We encourage anyone to comment, please consult the oD commenting guidelines if you have any questions.
Audio available Bookmark Check Language Close Comments Download Facebook Link Email Newsletter Newsletter Play Print Share Twitter Youtube Search Instagram WhatsApp yourData